Rapid generation of combined CMV-specific CD4+ and CD8+ T-cell lines for adoptive transfer into recipients of allogeneic stem cell transplants.

Medizinische Klinik II, Eberhard-Karls-Universität, Tuebingen, Germany.
Blood (Impact Factor: 9.78). 06/2004; 103(9):3565-72. DOI: 10.1182/blood-2003-09-3056
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Adoptive transfer of cytomegalovirus (CMV)-specific T cells can restore long-lasting, virus-specific immunity and clear CMV viremia in recipients of allogeneic stem cell transplants if CD4(+) and CD8(+) CMV-specific T cells are detected in the recipient after transfer. Current protocols for generating virus-specific T cells use live virus, require leukapheresis of the donor, and are time consuming. To circumvent these limitations, a clinical-scale protocol was developed to generate CMV-specific T cells by using autologous cellular and serum components derived from a single 500-mL blood draw. CMV-specific T cells were stimulated simultaneously with CMV-specific major histocompatibility complex class I (MHC I)- restricted peptides and CMV antigen. Activated T cells were isolated with the interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) secretion assay and expanded for 10 days. In 8 randomly selected, CMV-seropositive donors, 1.34 x 10(8) combined CD4(+) and CD8(+) CMV-specific T cells, on average, were generated, as determined by antigen-triggered IFN-gamma production. CMV-infected fibroblasts were efficiently lysed by the generated T cells, and CMV-specific CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells expanded if they were stimulated with natural processed antigen. On the other hand, CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cell-mediated alloreactivity of generated CMV-specific T-cell lines was reduced compared with that of the starting population. In conclusion, the culture system developed allowed the rapid generation of allodepleted, highly enriched, combined CD4(+) and CD8(+) CMV-specific T cells under conditions mimicking good manufacturing practice.


Available from: Georg Rauser, Feb 05, 2014
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    ABSTRACT: Background aims Reactivation of cytomegalovirus (CMV) after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation remains a major cause of morbidity despite improved antiviral drug therapies. Selective restoration of CMV immunity by adoptive transfer of CMV-specific T cells is the only alternative approach that has been shown to be effective and non-toxic. We describe the results of clinical-scale isolations of CMV-specific donor lymphocytes with the use of a major histocompatibility (MHC) class I peptide streptamer-based isolation method that yields minimally manipulated cytotoxic T cells of high purity. Methods Enrichment of CMV-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) was performed by labeling 1 × 1010 leukocytes from a non-mobilized mononuclear cell (MNC) apheresis with MHC class I streptamers and magnetic beads. Thereafter, positively labeled CMV-specific CTLs were isolated through the use of CliniMACS (magnetic-activated cell sorting), and MHC streptamers were released through the use of d-biotin. The purity of enriched CMV-specific CTLs was determined on the basis of MHC streptamer staining and fluorescence-activated cell sorting. Results A total of 22 processes were performed with the use of five different MHC class I streptamers. The median frequency of CMV-specific CTLs in the starting apheresis product was 0.41% among CD3+ T cells. The isolation process yielded a total of 7.77 × 106 CMV-specific CTLs, with a median purity of 90.2%. Selection reagents were effectively removed from the final cell product; the CMV-specific CTLs displayed excellent viability and cytotoxicity and were stable for at least 72 h at 4°C after MNC collection. Conclusions Clinical-scale isolation of “minimally manipulated” CMV-specific donor CTLs through the use of MHC class I streptamers is feasible and yields functional CTLs at clinically relevant dosages.
    Cytotherapy 09/2014; 16(9):1245–1256. DOI:10.1016/j.jcyt.2014.05.023 · 3.10 Impact Factor
  • Frontiers in Bioscience 01/2011; 16(1):3014. DOI:10.2741/3895 · 4.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background The adoptive transfer of allogeneic antiviral T lymphocytes derived from seropositive donors can safely and effectively reduce or prevent the clinical manifestation of viral infections or reactivations in immunocompromised recipients after hematopoietic stem cell (HSCT) or solid organ transplantation (SOT). Allogeneic third party T-cell donors offer an alternative option for patients receiving an allogeneic cord blood transplant or a transplant from a virus-seronegative donor and since donor blood is generally not available for solid organ recipients. Therefore we established a registry of potential third-party T-cell donors (allogeneic cell registry, alloCELL) providing detailed data on the assessment of a specific individual memory T-cell repertoire in response to antigens of cytomegalovirus (CMV), Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), adenovirus (ADV), and human herpesvirus (HHV) 6.Methods To obtain a manufacturing license according to the German Medicinal Products Act, the enrichment of clinical-grade CMV-specific T cells from three healthy CMV-seropositive donors was performed aseptically under GMP conditions using the CliniMACS cytokine capture system (CCS) after restimulation with an overlapping peptide pool of the immunodominant CMVpp65 antigen. Potential T-cell donors were selected from alloCELL and defined as eligible for clinical-grade antiviral T-cell generation if the peripheral fraction of IFN-¿+ T cells exceeded 0.03% of CD3+ lymphocytes as determined by IFN-¿ cytokine secretion assay.ResultsStarting with low concentration of IFN-¿+ T cells (0.07-1.11%) we achieved 81.2%, 19.2%, and 63.1% IFN-¿+CD3+ T cells (1.42x106, 0.05x106, and 1.15x106) after enrichment. Using the CMVpp65 peptide pool for restimulation resulted in the activation of more CMV-specific CD8+ than CD4+ memory T cells, both of which were effectively enriched to a total of 81.0% CD8+IFN-¿+ and 38.4% CD4+IFN-¿+ T cells. In addition to T cells and NKT cells, all preparations contained acceptably low percentages of contaminating B cells, granulocytes, monocytes, and NK cells. The enriched T-cell products were stable over 72 h with respect to viability and ratio of T lymphocytes.Conclusions The generation of antiviral CD4+ and CD8+ T cells by CliniMACS CCS can be extended to a broad spectrum of common pathogen-derived peptide pools in single or multiple applications to facilitate and enhance the efficacy of adoptive T-cell immunotherapy.
    Journal of Translational Medicine 12/2014; 12(1):336. DOI:10.1186/s12967-014-0336-5 · 3.99 Impact Factor