J/psi polarization in 800-GeV p-Cu interactions.

New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico 88003, USA.
Physical Review Letters (Impact Factor: 7.73). 12/2003; 91(21):211801. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.91.211801
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT We present measurements of the polarization of the J/psi produced in 800-GeV proton interactions with a copper target. Polarization of the J/psi is sensitive to the ccmacr; production and hadronization processes. A longitudinal polarization is observed at large x(F), while at small x(F) the state is produced essentially unpolarized or slightly transversely polarized. No significant variation of the polarization is observed versus p(T).

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    ABSTRACT: Magnitude and "sign" of the measured J / psi polarization crucially depends on the reference frame used in the data analysis: a full understanding of the polarization phenomenon requires measurements reported in two "orthogonal" frames, such as the Collins-Soper and helicity frames. Moreover, the azimuthal anisotropy can be, in certain frames, as significant as the polar one. The seemingly contradictory results reported by the experiments E866, HERA-B, and CDF can be consistently described assuming that the most suitable axis for the measurement is along the direction of the relative motion of the colliding partons, and that directly produced J / psi's are longitudinally polarized at low momentum and transversely polarized at high momentum. We make specific predictions that can be tested on existing CDF data and by LHC measurements, which should show a full transverse polarization for direct J / psi's of p_{T} > 25 GeV / c.
    Physical Review Letters 04/2009; 102(15):151802. · 7.73 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: We report a measurement of the angular distributions of Drell-Yan dimuons produced using an 800 GeV/c proton beam on a deuterium target. The muon angular distributions in the dilepton rest frame have been measured over the kinematic range 4.5<m{mu mu}<15 GeV/c{2}, 0<p{T}<4 GeV/c, and 0<x{F}<0.8. No significant cos2phi dependence is found in these proton-induced Drell-Yan data, in contrast with the situation for pion-induced Drell-Yan data. The data are compared with expectations from models which attribute the cos2phi distribution to a QCD vacuum effect or to the presence of the transverse-momentum-dependent Boer-Mulders structure function h{1}{perpendicular}. Constraints on the magnitude of the sea-quark h{1}{perpendicular} structure functions are obtained.
    Physical Review Letters 08/2007; 99(8):082301. · 7.73 Impact Factor

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