Refinement of the structure of human Rab5a GTPase domain at 1.05 A resolution.
ABSTRACT Rab5 is a GTPase that regulates early endosome fusion. Its GTPase domain crystal structure is reported here at 1.05 A resolution in complex with a GTP-analog molecule. It provides the highest resolution three-dimensional model so far obtained for proteins from the Ras-like GTPase family. This study allows extension of structural examination of the GTPase machinery as well as of high-resolution protein structures in general. For example, a buried water-molecule network was observed underneath the switch regions, which is consistent with the functional roles of these regions in the molecular-switching process. Furthermore, residues of multiple conformation and clustered distribution of anisotropic thermal motions of the protein molecule may have general implications for the function of Ras-like GTPases.
Full-textDOI: · Available from: Guangyu Zhu, Aug 14, 2014
SourceAvailable from: Tim Bergbrede
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ABSTRACT: The oculocerebrorenal syndrome of Lowe (OCRL), also called Lowe syndrome, is characterized by defects of the nervous system, the eye and the kidney. Lowe syndrome is a monogenetic X-linked disease caused by mutations of the inositol-5-phosphatase OCRL1. OCRL1 is a membrane-bound protein recruited to membranes via interaction with a variety of Rab proteins. The structural and kinetic basis of OCRL1 for the recognition of several Rab proteins is unknown. In this study, we report the crystal structure of the Rab-binding domain (RBD) of OCRL1 in complex with Rab8a and the kinetic binding analysis of OCRL1 with several Rab GTPases (Rab1b, Rab5a, Rab6a and Rab8a). In contrast to other effectors that bind their respective Rab predominantly via α-helical structure elements, the Rab-binding interface of OCRL1 consists mainly of the IgG-like β-strand structure of the ASPM-SPD-2-Hydin domain as well as one α-helix. Our results give a deeper structural understanding of disease-causing mutations of OCRL1 affecting Rab binding.The EMBO Journal 03/2011; 30(8):1659-70. DOI:10.1038/emboj.2011.60 · 10.75 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Rab GTPases constitute the largest subfamily of the Ras protein superfamily. Rab proteins regulate organelle biogenesis and transport, and display distinct binding preferences for effector and activator proteins, many of which have not been elucidated yet. The underlying molecular recognition motifs, binding partner preferences and selectivities are not well understood. Comparative analysis of the amino acid sequences and the three-dimensional electrostatic and hydrophobic molecular interaction fields of 62 human Rab proteins revealed a wide range of binding properties with large differences between some Rab proteins. This analysis assists the functional annotation of Rab proteins 12, 14, 26, 37 and 41 and provided an explanation for the shared function of Rab3 and 27. Rab7a and 7b have very different electrostatic potentials, indicating that they may bind to different effector proteins and thus, exert different functions. The subfamily V Rab GTPases which are associated with endosome differ subtly in the interaction properties of their switch regions, and this may explain exchange factor specificity and exchange kinetics. We have analysed conservation of sequence and of molecular interaction fields to cluster and annotate the human Rab proteins. The analysis of three dimensional molecular interaction fields provides detailed insight that is not available from a sequence-based approach alone. Based on our results, we predict novel functions for some Rab proteins and provide insights into their divergent functions and the determinants of their binding partner selectivity.PLoS ONE 04/2012; 7(4):e34870. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0034870 · 3.53 Impact Factor