Oxidized low-density lipoprotein autoantibodies in patients with primary gout: Effect of urate-lowering therapy
ABSTRACT Uric acid is a strong scavenger of reactive oxygen species, which are known to contribute to the development of atherosclerosis, while the incidence of atherosclerotic diseases is rather high in patients with gout. Among the established risk factors for atherosclerosis, oxidized LDL is believed to play a major role in its development and progression. Allopurinol and its active metabolite, oxypurinol, have been suggested to possess an antioxidant ability to scavenge the hydroxyl radical. Therefore, allopurinol may be beneficial in the prevention of LDL oxidation, as well as in the treatment of hyperuricemia. The objective of this work was to determine the degree of LDL oxidation in gout and the effect of allopurinol on LDL oxidation.
Age-matched male patients with primary intercritical gout and healthy male adults were included in the study. The serum concentrations of oxidized LDL autoantibodies and total antioxidant status were measured using an enzyme immunoassay.
Serum concentrations of oxidized LDL autoantibodies were significantly higher in patients with gout than the control subjects (p < 0.05) and were significantly decreased after allopurinol treatment (p < 0.05), but not by benzbromarone treatment, in spite of the similar concentrations of uric acid and total antioxidant status in serum following their separate administration.
Although the exact mechanism remains unclear, increased serum concentrations of oxidized LDL may play a role in the high incidence of coronary artery disease in gout. In addition, allopurinol may be more preferable to benzbromarone for treatment of gout in light of its inhibitory action toward LDL oxidation.
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- "The role of ox-LDL in AS formation has been well established. Tsutsumi, et al.  found that in patients with primary gout the concentration of plasma ox-LDL antibodies was significantly higher than in the normal population. Moreover, the concentration of plasma ox-LDL antibodies was also closely associated with the LDL particle diameter and HDL levels, indicating that the high incidence of atherosclerotic diseases in patients with gout might be closely related to increased ox-LDL levels. "
ABSTRACT: To analyze the levels of oxidized low density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) and inflammatory cytokines in the plasma of gout patients. The levels of ox-LDL, hypersensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), interleukin-1β, interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) were measured in the plasma of 41 gout patients [28 in acute phase episode, 13 in intermittent phase (IP)], and in 40 healthy controls. The relationship between ox-LDL and inflammation was also explored by measuring the levels of several pro-inflammatory cytokines in the plasma. The plasma levels of ox-LDL, hs-CRP, IL-6 and TNF-α were significantly increased in patients with gout in the acute phase compared to those in the IP group and healthy controls (P < 0.05), but the levels of TGF-β were significantly lower in the acute phase group than in the IP group and healthy controls (P < 0.01). The levels of ox-LDL in the gout patients in the IP were significantly higher than those in healthy controls (P < 0.05). Correlation analysis indicated that the levels of ox-LDL were positively correlated with hs-CRP, IL-6 and TNF-α (r = 0.343, r = 0.386, r = 0.659, P < 0.01, respectively), but negatively correlated with TGF-β levels in patients in the acute phase (r = -0.240, P < 0.05). The levels of ox-LDL in gout patients were significantly higher than those in healthy controls. The changes in ox-LDL levels may be associated with enhanced inflammation in gout patients.Cell biochemistry and biophysics 09/2013; 69(1). DOI:10.1007/s12013-013-9767-5 · 1.68 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Technical advances and regulatory decisions will make possible substantially increased capacity for vehicular and fully portable communication units. The speaker will review the principal conclusions of a recently completed assessment of the implications of these developments, emphasizing economic, regulatory, organizational and social issues, (See R. Bowers, et al, Communications for a Mobile Society, Sage Publications, Beverly Hills, California; April 1978.)
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ABSTRACT: Although allopurinol has been available for approximately 50 years, hyperuricemia and its sequelae are not only prevalent, but the incidence and costs associated with this disorder continue to increase. However, several new therapies have been developed. Recombinant urate oxidase has been useful in the treatment of tumor lysis hyperuricemia, and pegylated urate oxidase shows promise in patients with hyperuricemia and gout. Febuxostat and Y-700 are new oral xanthine oxidase inhibitors that are in human clinical trials. Tailoring of antilipid therapy in selected hyperuricemic and hyperlipidemic patients with fenofibrate may be of benefit in lowering blood cholesterol and uric acid levels. Similarly, treatment of selected hyperuricemic patients who also are hypertensive with losartan or amlodipine may be beneficial in lowering blood pressure and hyperuricemia. Despite these advances, new treatments for hyperuricemia are needed.Current Rheumatology Reports 07/2004; 6(3):240-7. DOI:10.1007/s11926-004-0075-3 · 2.87 Impact Factor