Molecular and functional characterization of a unique sucrose hydrolase from Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. glycines.

School of Agricultural Biotechnology, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-742, South Korea.
Journal of Bacteriology (Impact Factor: 2.69). 02/2004; 186(2):411-8. DOI: 10.1128/JB.186.2.411-418.2004
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT A novel sucrose hydrolase (SUH) from Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. glycines, a causative agent of bacterial pustule disease on soybeans, was studied at the functional and molecular levels. SUH was shown to act rather specifically on sucrose (K(m) = 2.5 mM) but not on sucrose-6-phosphate. Protein analysis of purified SUH revealed that, in this monomeric enzyme with an estimated molecular mass of 70,223 +/- 12 Da, amino acid sequences determined for several segments have corresponding nucleotide sequences in XAC3490, a protein-coding gene found in the genome of X. axonopodis pv. citri. Based on this information, the SUH gene, consisting of an open reading frame of 1,935 bp, was cloned by screening a genomic library of X. axonopodis pv. glycines 8ra. Database searches and sequence comparison revealed that SUH has significant homology to some family 13 enzymes, with all of the crucial invariant residues involved in the catalytic mechanism conserved, but it shows no similarity to known invertases belonging to family 32. suh expression in X. axonopodis pv. glycines requires sucrose induction, and insertional mutagenesis resulted in an absence of sucrose-inducible sucrose hydrolase activity in crude protein extracts and a sucrose-negative phenotype. Recombinant SUH, overproduced in Escherichia coli and purified, was shown to have the same enzymatic characteristics in terms of kinetic parameters.

  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. glycines 8ra is a causal agent of bacterial pustule disease in soybean. This bacterium possesses transcription activator-like (TAL) effectors which are useful for genetic/protein engineering applications in higher organisms including plants and humans. Here, we report that the draft genome sequence consists of 5,337,885-bp double-stranded DNA encoding 4,674 open reading frames (ORFs) in 13 different contigs. This genome sequence would be useful in applications of TAL effectors in genetic engineering and in elucidating virulence factors against plants.
    Journal of Biotechnology 06/2014; DOI:10.1016/j.jbiotec.2014.03.009 · 3.18 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Sucrose phosphorylase (SP) is a promising biocatalyst for the production of special sugars and glycoconjugates, but its transglycosylation activity rarely exceeds the competing hydrolytic reaction. Knowing how specificity is controlled, would allow to optimise this activity in an efficient way by means of enzyme engineering. Therefore, in this study, a map of the acceptor site of the SP from Bifidobacterium adolescentis was created by substituting each residue by alanine and analysing the influence on the affinity for both the natural (inorganic phosphate and fructose) and alternative acceptors (D-arabitol and pyridoxine). All residues examined were found to contribute to the specificity for phosphate (Arg135, Leu343, Tyr344), fructose (Tyr132, Asp342) or both (Pro134, Tyr196, His234, Gln345). Alternative acceptors that are glycosylated rather efficiently (e.g. D-arabitol) were found to interact with the same residues as fructose, whereas poor acceptors like pyridoxine do not seem to make any specific interactions with the enzyme. Furthermore, it is shown here that SP is already optimised to outcompete water as an acceptor substrate, meaning that it will be very difficult to lower its hydrolytic activity any further. Consequently, increasing the transglycosylation activity towards alternative acceptors seems to be the best strategy, although that would probably require a drastic remodelling of the acceptor site in most cases.
    Journal of Molecular Catalysis B Enzymatic 12/2013; 96:81-88. DOI:10.1016/j.molcatb.2013.06.014 · 2.75 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A putative α-amylase gene (accession number, CP000284) of Methylobacillus flagellatus KT ATCC51484 was cloned in Escherichia coli, and its gene product was expressed and characterized. The purified recombinant enzyme (MFAS) displayed a typical amylosucrase (ASase) activity by the demonstration of multiple activities of hydrolysis, isomerization, and polymerization although it was designated as an α-amylase. The optimal reaction temperature and pH for the sucrose hydrolysis activity of MFAS were determined to be 45 °C and pH 8.5, respectively. MFAS has relatively high thermostable characteristics compared with other ASases, as demonstrated by a half-life of 19.3 min at 50 °C. MFAS also showed polymerization activity using sucrose as a sole substrate. Glycerol was transglycosylated by the intermolecular transglycosylation activity of MFAS. Two major products were observed by thin-layer chromatography and isolated by paper chromatography and recycling HPLC. Using (1)H and (13)C NMR, their chemical structures were determined to be (2S)-1-O-α-D-glucosyl-glycerol or (2R)-1-O-α-D-glucosyl-glycerol and 2-O-α-D-glucosyl-glycerol, in which a glucose molecule is linked to glycerol via an α-glycosidic linkage.
    Applied biochemistry and biotechnology 04/2014; 173(4). DOI:10.1007/s12010-014-0889-z · 1.94 Impact Factor


Available from