Early cognitive-behavioural therapy for post-traumatic stress symptoms after physical injury. Randomised controlled trial.

Department of Liaison Psychiatry, Cardiff and Vale NHS Trust, University Hospital of Wales, Cardiff, UK.
The British Journal of Psychiatry (Impact Factor: 7.34). 02/2004; 184:63-9.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Early single-session psychological interventions, including psychological debriefing following trauma, have not been shown to reduce psychological distress. Longer early psychological interventions have shown some promise.
To examine the efficacy of a four-session cognitive-behavioural intervention following physical injury.
A total of 152 patients attending an accident and emergency department displaying psychological distress following physical injury were randomised 1-3 weeks post-injury to a four-session cognitive-behavioural intervention that started 5-10 weeks after the injury or to no intervention and then followed up for 13 months.
At 13 months, the total Impact of Event Scale score was significantly more reduced in the intervention group (adjusted mean difference=8.4,95% CI 2.4-14.36). Other differences were not statistically significant.
A brief cognitive-behavioural intervention reduces symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder in individuals with physical injury who display initial distress.

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