Children and evidence-based practice.
ABSTRACT Issues and challenges related to reducing the gap between child mental health research and practice are not minor. As the field continues to mature, energized by the challenges to develop treatment in more innovative ways and to disseminate EBP, the potential for improving child mental health is strong.
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ABSTRACT: Despite the tremendous mental health need evidenced by children in foster care and high rates of use of mental health services among children in foster care, little is known about the impact of outpatient mental health services on the behavioral health of this population. This study utilizes data from the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-being (NSCAW), the first nationally representative study of child welfare in the United States. A subsample of 439 children who have experienced long-term foster care were included in this study. These data were used to estimate the impact of outpatient mental health services on the externalizing and internalizing behavior problems of children in long-term foster care. A propensity score matching model was employed to produce a robust estimate of the treatment effect. Results indicate that children who have experienced long-term foster care do not benefit from the receipt of outpatient mental health services. Study results are discussed in the context of earlier research on the quality of mental health services for children in foster care.Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry 10/2010; 15(4):467-79. DOI:10.1177/1359104510377720
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ABSTRACT: Understanding the implementation of evidence-based practice (EBP) in community service settings is critical for the successful translation of research to practice. However, we have limited research evidence about the impact of EBP implementation on the mental health and social service workforce. In a previous study we demonstrated reduced staff turnover where an EBP was implemented with fidelity monitoring in the form of supportive ongoing supervision and consultation. Other research has shown that staff burnout and emotional exhaustion in particular is associated with poor quality of care and increased staff turnover intentions and turnover. Current research, however, has focused less on the effects that EBP implementation may have on staff emotional exhaustion. The present study investigates the association of EBP implementation and fidelity monitoring with staff emotional exhaustion in a statewide EBP implementation study. The 21 case-management teams in this study were randomized in a 2 (EBP vs. services as usual [SAU]) by 2 (monitoring vs. no monitoring) design. The EBP in this study was SafeCare, a home-based intervention that aims to reduce child neglect in at-risk families. SafeCare was developed from a behavior analysis approach and is based in cognitive behavioral principles. In keeping with our previous research, we hypothesized that providers implementing SafeCare with monitoring would have the lowest levels of emotional exhaustion and those receiving additional monitoring not in the context of EBP implementation would have higher emotional exhaustion relative to the other groups. Results supported our hypotheses in that we found lower emotional exhaustion for staff implementing the EBP but higher emotional exhaustion for staff receiving only fidelity monitoring and providing SAU. Together, these results suggest a potential staff and organizational benefit to EBP implementation and we discuss implications of the findings relative to EBPs and to fidelity monitoring.Behaviour Research and Therapy 09/2009; 47(11):954-60. DOI:10.1016/j.brat.2009.07.006 · 3.85 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: This article sums up 8 years of experience with evidence-based programs in the treatment of conduct problems in children and youth. A conceptual model describing the implementation components relevant to the Norwegian project is presented and discussed. Next, we describe a case study of the implementation strategy accompanied by outcomes from the clinical trials of Multisystemic Therapy (MST) and Parent Management Training—the Oregon model (PMTO). The national implementation strategy for evidence-based treatment programs is a combination of a ‘‘top-down’’ and ‘‘bottom-up’’ approach to implementation based on collaborative efforts of a national center for dissemination, implementation, and research and the public child and adolescent service system operating in the municipalities. The strategy further includes recruitment of candidates for training through the various service systems and the establishment of permanent networks for collaboration, supervision, and support.Research on Social Work Practice 08/2009; 19(5):582-591. DOI:10.1177/1049731509335530 · 1.53 Impact Factor