Clinicopathological and therapeutic patterns of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis in Kuwait: a prospective study.
ABSTRACT Though common, the exact incidence and clinical pattern of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) in Gulf countries are not known. The results of a four-year prospective study undertaken in two tertiary hospitals in Kuwait are presented. The mean age at diagnosis of the 52 patients studied was 55.40 +/- 11.87 years. Thirty-two (61.5%) patients were male and 22 (42.3%) were smokers. The mean duration of symptoms at diagnosis was 2.1 +/- 0.92 years. Digital clubbing was found in 34 (65%) patients. The mean FVC, TLC and TLCO were 57%, 64.4% and 55% of predicted normal, respectively. The FVC value showed a significant difference between smokers and non-smokers (p < 0.05). HRCT findings were abnormal in all patients. Typical histological and high-resolution computed tomography findings of usual interstitial pneumonia, desquamative interstitial pneumonia and non-specific interstitial pneumonia were observed. This study revealed that IPF is prevalent in Kuwait, with patterns showing some similarities to those established elsewhere. The response to treatment was not encouraging, especially in the usual interstitial pneumonia subtype.
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ABSTRACT: The spectrum of pulmonary pathology in the Middle East is as versatile as its civilizations and cultures. In this review, we outline the key challenges confronting pulmonologists in the Middle East. We shed light on the diverse conditions commonly encountered in the region, from the centuries-old illnesses of tuberculosis, to contemporary problems such as lung complications from chemical warfare. We specifically highlighted unique aspects related to respiratory illnesses in the Middle East, for example, climate factors in the desert region, cultural habits, for example, water-pipe smoking and disorders unique to the region, such as Behçet's disease. Pulmonologists are also faced with the consequences of modernization, including large immigrant population and associated social and health issues, rising incidence of obesity and sleep apnoea, and drug-resistant tuberculosis. Tackling these health issues will require an integrated approach involving public health, primary care as well as specialist pulmonology input, taking into consideration the unique cultural and environmental factors to ensure effective management and compliance to medical care.Respirology 05/2011; 16(5):755-66. · 3.50 Impact Factor