Na+/H+ exchange inhibition attenuates left ventricular remodeling and preserves systolic function in pressure-overloaded hearts.

Laboratorio di Farmacologia, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Viale Regina Elena 299, Rome, Italy.
British Journal of Pharmacology (Impact Factor: 5.07). 03/2004; 141(3):526-32. DOI: 10.1038/sj.bjp.0705631
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Cardiac hypertrophy is a homeostatic response to elevated afterload. Na+/H+ exchanger (NHE) inhibition reduces the hypertrophic response in animal models of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and myocardial infarction. We examined the effect of chronic treatment with cariporide, a selective inhibitor of Na+/H+ exchanger isoform 1 (NHE-1), on left ventricular (LV) systolic and diastolic function under pressure overload conditions. Male CD-1 mice were randomized to receive either a control diet or an identical diet supplemented with 6000 p.p.m. of cariporide. Cardiac pressure overload was induced by thoracic aortic banding. LV dimension and systolic and diastolic function were assessed in sham and banded mice by echocardiography and cardiac catheterization 2 and 5 weeks after surgery. Histological analysis was also performed. After 2 weeks of pressure overload, the vehicle-treated banded mice (Veh-Bd) had enhanced normalized LV weight (about +50%) and normal chamber size and function, whereas cariporide-treated banded mice (Car-Bd) showed a preserved contractility and systolic function despite a marked attenuation of LVH. Diastolic function did not differ significantly among groups. After 5 weeks, the Veh-Bd developed LV chamber enlargement and systolic dysfunction as evidenced by a 16% increase in LV end-diastolic diameter, a 36% decrease in myocardial contractility, and a 26% reduction in percent fractional shortening. In contrast, Car-Bd showed an attenuated increase in LV mass, normal chamber size, and a maintained systolic function. A distinct histological feature was that in banded mice, cariporide attenuated the development of cardiomyocyte hypertrophy but not the attendant myocardial fibrosis. In conclusion, the results of the present study indicate that (i) the hypertrophic response to pressure overload is dependent on NHE-1 activity, and (ii) at the 5-week stage, banding-induced deterioration of LV performance is prevented by NHE-1 inhibition.British Journal of Pharmacology (2004) 141, 526-532. doi:10.1038/sj.bjp.0705631


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