Information Literacy: Instrument Development to Measure Competencies
and Knowledge Among Nursing Educators, Nursing Administrators, and
Nursing Clinicians: A Pilot Study
Susan Pierce, EdD, MSN, RN1, Diane Pravikoff, PhD, RN, FAAN2, Annelle Tanner, EdD,
1Northwestern State University of Louisiana, College of Nursing, Natchitoches/Shreveport,
LA, USA; 2Cinahl Information System, Glendale, CA, USA; 3Louisiana Department of
Health and Hospitals, Office of Public Health, Region 6, Alexandria, LA, USA
ABSTRACT: This poster describes a pilot study
conducted to establish validity and reliability of an
instrument that will be used in a nationwide needs
assessment, implemented to identify gaps in
Information Literacy skills, competencies, and
knowledge among key nursing groups nationally.
Data and information gathered using the tool will
guide the profession in developing appropriate
education and continuing education programs to
close identified gaps and enhance nurses’ readiness
for Evidence-Based Practice (EBP).
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study is to pilot
revisions and establish validity and reliability of an
instrument that will accurately identify gaps in
Computer and Information Literacy (CIL) skills,
competencies, and knowledge in nurses working
primarily as educators, administrators or clinicians.
Gaps thus identified will be filled by developing
academic interventions that directly address the
derived educational goals for CIL necessary to
BACKGROUND: During 2002, the Interagency
Council of Information Resources for Nursing
(ICIRN) and the Nursing Informatics Working Group
of the American Medical Informatics Association
(AMIA NI-WG) came together for the purpose of
conducting collaborative research to identify and
describe the level of application of Information
Literacy skills among three RN groups: clinicians,
administrators and educators. The Scope and
Standards of Nursing Informatics1 identify CIL as
required competencies for all basic nursing graduates.
Furthermore, health care providers are directed by
Institute of Medicine reports 2,3 to implement EBP as
a means of addressing quality and cost of services
Three preliminary studies indicate gaps in the skills,
competencies and knowledge of nurses related to
Computer Literacy and Information Literacy, both
essential for changing data and information into
knowledge for clinical decision-making.
SAMPLE: The convenience sample utilized in this
pilot study consists of three groups of interest –
Nursing Administrators, Nursing Educators, and
nurses in clinical practice.
DESIGN: The study uses a descriptive comparative
design and is to be administered to subjects from
different geographical locations nationwide to
identify gaps in nurses’ CIL skills, competencies and
knowledge for evidence-based practice.
METHODOLOGY: A researcher-designed tool is
administered to a convenience sample representing
each of the targeted populations. Data from subject
responses will be collected on a scannable form and
entered into a Microsoft Excel spreadsheet. Analysis
of demographic data will use parametric and non-
parametric statistics. Multivariate statistics will allow
comparison within and across study groups.
Reliability and validity of the tool will be measured.
RESULTS: Results will allow an environmental
assessment of gaps in computer and information
literacy skills, competencies and knowledge. The
conclusions will guide professional development and
academic integration of programs and processes to
close the identified gaps.
1. American Nurses Association (US). Scope and
standards of nursing informatics practice.
Washington: American Nurses Publishing; 2001.
2. Institute of Medicine (US). Priority areas for
national action: Transforming health care quality.
Washington: National Academies Press; 2003.
3. Institute of Medicine Crossing the Quality Chasm:
A New Health System for the 21st Century.
Washington: National Academies Press: 2000.
AMIA 2003 Symposium Proceedings − Page 971