Article

Racial differences in the receipt of bowel surveillance following potentially curative colorectal cancer surgery.

Macro International, QRC Division, Bethesda, MD 20814-3202, USA.
Health Services Research (Impact Factor: 2.49). 01/2004; 38(6 Pt 2):1885-903. DOI: 10.1111/j.1475-6773.2003.00207.x
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT To investigate racial differences in posttreatment bowel surveillance after colorectal cancer surgery in a large population of Medicare patients.
We used a large population-based dataset: Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) linked to Medicare data.
This is a retrospective cohort study. We analyzed data from 44,768 non-Hispanic white, 2,921 black, and 4,416 patients from other racial/ethnic groups, aged 65 and older at diagnosis, who had a diagnosis of local or regional colorectal cancer between 1986 and 1996, and were followed through December 31, 1998. Cox Proportional Hazards models were used to investigate the relation of race and receipt of posttreatment bowel surveillance.
Sociodemographic, hospital, and clinical characteristics were collected at the time of diagnosis for all members of the cohort. Surgery and bowel surveillance with colonoscopy, sigmoidoscopy, and barium enema were obtained from Medicare claims using ICD-9-CM and CPT-4 codes.
The chance of surveillance within 18 months of surgery was 57 percent, 48 percent, and 45 percent for non-Hispanic whites, blacks, and others, respectively. After adjusting for sociodemographic, hospital, and clinical characteristics, blacks were 25 percent less likely than whites to receive surveillance if diagnosed between 1991 and 1996 (RR = 0.75, 95 percent CI = 0.70-0.81).
Elderly blacks were less likely than non-Hispanic whites to receive posttreatment bowel surveillance and this result was not explained by measured racial differences in sociodemographic, hospital, and clinical characteristics. More research is needed to explore the influences of patient- and provider-level factors on racial differences in posttreatment bowel surveillance.

0 Followers
 · 
83 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: African Americans are less likely than other racial/ethnic groups to receive appropriate surveillance, an important component of care to achieve better long-term outcomes and well-being after colorectal cancer (CRC) treatment. This study explored survivors' understanding of surveillance instructions and purpose. Interviews with 60 African American CRC survivors were recorded and transcribed. Compliance with surveillance guidelines was defined by disease stage and self-reported tests. Four coders (blind to compliance status) independently reviewed transcripts. Frequency of themes was reported by compliance status. Survivors (4 to 6 years postdiagnosis; women, 57%; age ≥ 65 years, 60%; rural location, 57%; early-stage disease, 62%) were 48% noncompliant. Most survivors reported receiving surveillance instructions from providers (compliant, 80%; noncompliant, 76%). There was variation in recommended frequency of procedures (eg, every 3 or 12 months) and in importance of surveillance stressed by physicians. Most survivors understood the need for follow-up (compliant, 87%; noncompliant, 79%). Lack of knowledge of/interest in surveillance was more common among noncompliant individuals (compliant, 32%; noncompliant, 52%). Patients' limited understanding about the importance of CRC surveillance and procedures may negatively affect compliance with recommendations in African American CRC survivors. Clear and enhanced communications about post-treatment recommendations in this population are warranted.
    Journal of Oncology Practice 01/2014; DOI:10.1200/JOP.2013.001203
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Disparities on the basis of race and ethnicity have been described in a variety of survivorship outcomes, including late and long-term effects of treatment, surveillance and health maintenance, and psychosocial outcomes. However, the current body of literature is limited in scope and additional research is needed to better define and address disparities among cancer survivors.
    Seminars in Oncology 12/2013; 40(6):796-803. DOI:10.1053/j.seminoncol.2013.09.003 · 3.94 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Abstract Objective: African Americans are less likely than other groups to receive appropriate surveillance after colorectal cancer (CRC) treatment. The objective of this study is to qualitatively explore the role of social support in post-CRC treatment surveillance and ultimately, inform interventions to promote surveillance in African American CRC survivors. Methods: Interviews were conducted with 60 African American CRC survivors recruited from the Cancer Care Outcomes Research and Surveillance (CanCORS) study and the Alabama Statewide Cancer Registry. Interviews were recorded and transcribed. Transcripts were reviewed and coded independently by the authors. The NVivo software package was used to facilitate coding and data management. Results: Survivors were from 4 to 6 years post diagnosis, 57% female, 60% older than 65 years, 57% from rural Alabama, 30% with stage 1, 32% with stage 2, and 38% with stage 3 disease. Material and emotional social support from family and one's faith community were cited as playing an important role in coping with the disease and post-treatment surveillance. Survivors who reported being adherent with post-treatment surveillance recommendations (according to stage of disease based on self-report of colonoscopy, CT scans, and blood work) reported more religious material and non-material social support, and support from other CRC survivors. Conclusion: In these African American CRC survivors, support from family, other cancer survivors, and the faith community was perceived as being important for adherence to post-treatment surveillance. Interventions to increase post-treatment surveillance in this population may be enhanced by including components that emphasize familial, other cancer survivor, and religious support.
    Journal of Psychosocial Oncology 03/2014; DOI:10.1080/07347332.2014.897293 · 1.04 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

Download
6 Downloads
Available from
Jul 9, 2014