Impaired brachial artery endothelium-dependent and -independent vasodilation in men with erectile dysfunction and no other clinical cardiovascular disease.

St. Paul Heart Clinic, St. Paul, Minnesota 55102, USA.
Journal of the American College of Cardiology (Impact Factor: 15.34). 01/2004; 43(2):179-84. DOI: 10.1016/j.jacc.2003.07.042
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The goal of this study was to determine whether patients with vascular erectile dysfunction (ED) and no other clinical cardiovascular disease have structural and functional abnormalities of other vascular beds.
In many ED patients, vascular disease is the major underlying cause. It may be that ED is an early marker of atherosclerosis in patients without clinical cardiovascular disease.
We assessed systemic vascular structure and function in 30 patients with ED and 27 age-matched normal control (NL) subjects. We measured vascular parameters, including: 1) carotid and brachial artery diameters, intima-media thickness, compliance, and distensibility; 2) aortic pulse wave velocity; 3) coronary calcification; and 4) brachial artery endothelium-dependent and -independent vasodilation.
There were no significant differences in baseline demographics, coronary artery risk score, or lipid values between the two groups. Most structural and functional vascular parameters were similar in the ED and NL groups. Brachial artery flow-mediated vasodilation (FMD) (1.3 vs. 2.4%, p = 0.014) and vasodilation to nitroglycerin (NTG) (13.0 vs. 17.8%, p < 0.05) were significantly reduced in ED patients, compared with NL subjects. In addition, there was a significant correlation between FMD and vasodilation to NTG in ED patients (r = 0.59, p < 0.05) but not in NL subjects.
Patients with ED but no clinical cardiovascular disease have a peripheral vascular defect in endothelium-dependent and -independent vasodilation that occurs before the development of other overt functional or structural systemic vascular disease and is independent of other traditional cardiovascular risk factors.


Available from: Alan J Bank, Mar 13, 2014
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: IntroductionEndothelial dysfunction has been demonstrated to play an important role in pathogenesis of erectile dysfunction (ED) and vitamin D deficiency is deemed to promote endothelial dysfunctions.AimTo evaluate the status of serum vitamin D in a group of patients with ED.Methods Diagnosis and severity of ED was based on the IIEF-5 and its aetiology was classified as arteriogenic (A-ED), borderline (BL-ED), and non-arteriogenic (NA-ED) with penile-echo-color-Doppler in basal condition and after intracaversous injection of prostaglandin E1. Serum vitamin D and intact PTH concentrations were measured.Main Outcome MeasuresVitamin D levels of men with A-ED were compared with those of male with BL-ED and NA-ED.ResultsFifty patients were classified as A-ED, 28 as ED-BL and 65 as NA-ED, for a total of 143 cases. Mean vitamin D level was 21.3 ng/mL; vitamin D deficiency (<20 ng/mL) was present in 45.9% and only 20.2% had optimal vitamin D levels. Patients with severe/complete-ED had vitamin D level significantly lower (P = 0.02) than those with mild-ED. Vitamin level was negatively correlated with PTH and the correlation was more marked in subjects with vitamin D deficiency. Vitamin D deficiency in A-ED was significantly lower (P = 0.01) than in NA-ED patients. Penile-echo-color-Doppler revealed that A-ED (PSV ≤ 25 cm/second) was more frequent in those with vitamin D deficiency as compared with those with vitamin >20 ng/dL (45% vs. 24%; P < 0.05) and in the same population median PSV values were lower (26 vs. 38; P < 0.001) in vitamin D subjects.Conclusion Our study shows that a significant proportion of ED patients have a vitamin D deficiency and that this condition is more frequent in patients with the arteriogenic etiology. Low levels of vitamin D might increase the ED risk by promoting endothelial dysfunction. Men with ED should be analyzed for vitamin D levels and particularly to A-ED patients with a low level a vitamin D supplementation is suggested. Barassi A, Pezzilli R, Colpi GM, Corsi Romanelli MM, and Melzi d'Eril GV. Vitamin D and erectile dysfunction. J Sex Med **;**:**–**.
    Journal of Sexual Medicine 09/2014; 11(11). DOI:10.1111/jsm.12661 · 3.15 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Endothelial dysfunction and microvascular damage play a crucial role in the pathogenesis of erectile dysfunction (ED). Lp-PLA2 is a calcium-independent member of the phospholipase A2 family and hydrolyses oxidised phospholipids on low-density lipoprotein (LDL) particles that plays a pivotal role in ox-LDL-induced endothelial dysfunction. The purpose of the current study was to determine the association between Lp-PLA2 levels and ED in patients without known coronary artery disease (CAD). All patients were evaluated for ED and divided into two groups: 88 patients suffering from ED for >1 year were enrolled as an experimental group and 88 patients without ED were enrolled as a control group in this study. Diagnosis of ED was based on the International Index of Erectile Function Score-5. Levels of Lp-PLA2 were measured in serum by colorimetric assay. The relationship between Lp-PLA2 levels and ED in patients was evaluated statistically. The mean age of patients with ED group was 59.4 ± 11.32 and 55.8 ± 9.67 in the control group. Plasma Lp-PLA2 levels were significantly higher in ED than in the control group (220.3 ± 66.90 and 174.8 ± 58.83 pg ml−1, respectively, P < 0.001). The Lp-PLA2 levels were negatively correlated with score of ED (r = −0.482, P < 0.05). In logistic regression analysis, enhanced plasma Lp-PLA2 levels result in approximately 1.2-fold increase in ED [1.22 (1.25–2.76)]. In this study, serum Lp-PLA2 levels were found to be associated with endothelial dysfunction predictive of ED. Serum Lp-PLA2 level appears to be a specific predictor of ED, and it may be used in early prediction of ED in the male population.
    Andrologia 08/2014; DOI:10.1111/and.12322 · 1.17 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Khat, a type of plant that grows in Yemen and some African countries like Somalia, Ethiopia and Kenya, is considered to be addictive and contains some stimulating substances that may affect different body organs. This study was conducted to identify the causes of erectile dysfunction (ED) and to investigate the effect of chewing Khat on this disease in Yemenis. A total of 236 patients who were treated at University of Science and Technology Hospital and complained of ED were examined with penile Doppler ultrasonography (US). Biodata and health data were collected from the patients' records and via mobile interviews. The causes of ED were psychological causes (72%), venous leakage (19%) and arterial disease (9%). Psychological ED was most common in 15-29-year-olds, while pathological ED increased with increasing age (p=0.041). Heart diseases and diabetes showed a significant association with pathological ED (p<0.05). Although 81% of the ED patients in this study chewed Khat, there was no significant association between chewing Khat and either pathological or psychological ED (p>0.05). Psychological problems are the main causes of ED among Yemenis especially in the younger age group. It is too early to exclude Khat as a factor contributing to this health problem, and this topic warrants further case-control studies with a larger sample size.