Importance of premeal injection time in insulin therapy: Humalog Mix25 is convenient for improved post-prandial glycemic control in type 2 diabetic patients with Italian dietary habits.
ABSTRACT We investigated the use, in a short period, of Humalog Mix25 (Mix25) in a twice-daily administration regimen compared to a twice-daily injection therapy with Humulin 30/70 (30/70) in diabetic patients with Italian dietary habits. We studied 33 type 2 diabetic patients aged 59.1 +/- 8.1 years, BMI 29.8 +/- 2.7 kg/m2, duration of diabetes and insulin therapy of 14.4 +/- 9.8 and 4.2 +/- 4.6 years, respectively. After a 4-day lead-in period of twice-daily human insulin 30/70 treatment, patients were randomized to one of two treatment sequences: (1) a twice-daily regimen with Mix25 just 5 minutes before the morning and evening meals for 12 days, followed by a twice-daily therapy with human insulin 30/70 given 30 minutes before the morning and evening meals for an additional 12 days; or (2) the alternate sequence. Each patient underwent a mixed meal test: Humulin 30/70 was administered 30 minutes before the meal, while Mix25 was given 5 minutes before. The 2-hour post-prandial glucose concentration after breakfast was significantly lower during treatment with Mix25 than with Humulin 30/70 (157 +/- 43.2 vs. 180 +/- 43.2 mg/dl, p<0.05). The glycemic excursion after dinner on Mix25 treatment was significantly lower than with Humulin 30/70 (12.2 +/- 48.01 vs. 35.5 +/- 36.92 mg/dl, p<0.05). AUCglucose after Mix25 was lower than after Humulin 30/70. Glycemia after test meal was significantly lower with Mix25 than with Humulin 30/70. Insulin and free insulin concentrations after the test meal were significantly higher with Mix25 in comparison to Humulin 30/70. AUC serum insulin and free insulin curves after Mix25 were significantly higher than after Humulin 30/70 (p=0.028 and p=0.005, respectively). Twice-daily injections of Humalog Mix25, compared to human insulin 30/70 in type 2 diabetic patients with Italian dietary habits, provide improved and lasting post-prandial glycemic control, with the great convenience of the injection just before the meal.
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ABSTRACT: To study the pharmacodynamic properties of three premixed formulations of the rapid-acting insulin analog insulin lispro and its protamine-retarded preparation, neutral protamine lispro (NPL) insulin. In this open, single-center, euglycemic glucose clamp study, 30 healthy volunteers (12 women, 18 men) aged 27 +/- 2 years (mean +/- SD), whose BMI was 23.0 +/- 2.3 kg/m2, received subcutaneous injections of 0.3 U/kg body wt of insulin mixture (high-mixture 75/25, mid-mixture 50/50, or low-mixture 25/75 insulin lispro/NPL insulin), insulin lispro, or NPL insulin on one of the five study days in randomized order. Glucose infusion rates were determined over a period of 24 h after administration. Maximal metabolic activity decreased after subcutaneous injection of the mixtures with lower insulin lispro content; however, the time point of maximal and of early half-maximal metabolic activity was comparable among the three mixtures. Higher proportions of insulin lispro resulted in higher values for area under the curve within the first 360 min after injection and a more rapid decline to late half-maximal activity. Serum insulin concentrations showed a similar pattern. This study shows that the pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic properties of insulin lispro are preserved in stable mixtures with NPL insulin.Diabetes Care 06/1998; 21(5):800-3. · 7.74 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The objective of this 6-month, open-label, randomized, two-period crossover study was to compare glycemic control when patients were treated with (1) 2 manufactured premixed insulin formulations containing insulin lispro and a novel insulin lispro-protamine formulation, neutral protamine lispro (NPL), and (2) 2 manufactured premixed human insulin formulations, human insulin 50/50 and human insulin 30/70. One hundred individuals, 37 with type 1 diabetes mellitus (12 females, 25 males; mean age, 39.4 years; mean body mass index [BMI], 24.8; mean duration of diabetes, 12.9 years) and 63 with type 2 diabetes mellitus (33 females, 30 males; mean age, 59.0 years; mean BMI, 28.4; mean duration of diabetes, 12.6 years), were treated with insulin lispro mixtures. Insulin lispro Mix50 (50% insulin lispro/50% NPL) and human insulin 50/50 (50% regular insulin/50% neutral protamine Hagedorn [NPH] insulin) were administered before breakfast; insulin lispro Mix25 (25% insulin lispro/75% NPL) and human insulin 30/70 (30% regular insulin/70% NPH) were administered before dinner. Blood glucose (BG), hypoglycemic episodes (hypoglycemic signs or symptoms or BG <3.0 mmol/L), insulin dose and timing of dose before meals, and hemoglobin A1c were measured. Mean doses of insulin lispro and human insulin mixtures were similar overall and for both diabetes subgroups. However, compared with human insulin mixtures, twice-daily administration of insulin lispro mixtures resulted in improved postprandial glycemic control, similar overall glycemic control, and less nocturnal hypoglycemia, as well as offering the convenience of dosing closer to meals.Clinical Therapeutics 03/1999; 21(3):523-34. · 2.23 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Humalog Mix25 is a manufactured premixed insulin formulation containing insulin lispro and a novel insulin lispro-protamine formulation (NPL) in a ratio of 25:75%. The objective of this study was to compare Humalog Mix25 to human insulin 30/70 (30% regular insulin/70% NPH) with respect to glycemic control. Humalog Mix25 was compared with human insulin 30/70 in 89 individuals with type 2 diabetes during a 6-month randomized open-label two-period crossover study. Each insulin was administered twice daily, before the morning and evening meals. Information regarding self-monitored blood glucose (BG), hypoglycemic episodes (hypoglycemic signs or symptoms or BG < or = 3.0 mmol/l), insulin dose, and HbA1c was collected. Treatment with Humalog Mix25 resulted in better postprandial glycemic control after the morning and evening meals compared with treatment with human insulin 30/70. Overall glycemic control and the incidence of hypoglycemia were comparable between the treatments. In comparison to treatment with human insulin 30/70, twice daily administration of Humalog Mix25 resulted in improved postprandial glycemic control, similar overall glycemic control, and the convenience of dosing immediately before meals.Diabetes Care 08/1999; 22(8):1258-61. · 7.74 Impact Factor