[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Recombinant activated factor VII (rFVIIa) was approved for treatment of hemorrhages in patients with hemophilia who develop inhibitors to factors VIII or IX. Conditions with increased thromboembolic risk, including trauma with or without disseminated intravascular coagulation, were considered a contraindication for the drug. The mechanism of action of rFVIIa suggests enhancement of hemostasis limited to the site of injury without systemic activation of the coagulation cascade. Therefore, use of the drug in trauma patients suffering uncontrolled hemorrhage appears to be rational.
Seven massively bleeding, multitransfused (median, 40 units [range, 25-49 units] of packed cells), coagulopathic trauma patients were treated with rFVIIa (median, 120 microg/kg [range, 120-212 microg/kg]) after failure of conventional measures to achieve hemostasis.
Administration of rFVIIa resulted in cessation of the diffuse bleed, with significant decrease of blood requirements to 2 units (range, 1-2 units) of packed cells (p < 0.05); shortening of prothrombin time and activated partial thromboplastin time from 24 seconds (range, 20-31.8 seconds) to 10.1 seconds (range, 8-12 seconds) (p < 0.005) and 79 seconds (range, 46-110 seconds) to 41 seconds (range, 28-46 seconds) (p < 0.05), respectively; and an increase of FVII level from 0.7 IU/mL (range, 0.7-0.92 IU/mL) to 23.7 IU/mL (range, 18-44 IU/mL) (p < 0.05). Three of the seven patients died of reasons other than bleeding or thromboembolism.
The results of this report suggest that in trauma patients rFVIIa may play a role as an adjunctive hemostatic measure, in addition to surgical hemostatic techniques, and provides the motivation for controlled animal and clinical trials.
The Journal of trauma 09/2001; 51(3):431-8; discussion 438-9. · 2.35 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We describe a 38 year old hemophilia A patient with a factor VIII inhibitor who was admitted to our Hematology Department in January 2001 with a seriously infected and bleeding perianal ulcer. To treat infection and bleeding the patient received broad spectrum antibiotics and recombinant activated factor VII (rFVIIa) (Novoseven(R)) for about 1 month (see detailed time of administration and dosing schedule of rFVIIa further in text). Eighteen days after his last rVIIa infusion the patient developed an ultrasound proven right calf vein thrombosis. In the whole period of admission, preceding the thrombotic event the patient biologically showed a picture of severe systemic inflammatory disease as indicated by persistent increased levels of D-dimer and fibrinogen (table). It is an interesting point of discussion whether the calf thrombosis was provoked as a consequence of rFVIIa infusion (with symptoms 18 days after the last infusion) or as a consequence of long-standing immobilization and severe inflammatory disease immobilization and severe infection are conditions well known for promoting venous thromboembolic disease.
Blood Coagulation and Fibrinolysis 07/2002; 13(4):367-70. · 1.25 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Recombinant activated factor VII (factor VIIa) has prohaemostatic effects in bleeding patients with coagulation abnormalities. We aimed to test the hypothesis that recombinant factor VIIa could reduce perioperative blood loss in patients with normal coagulation systems. Therefore, we assessed safety and efficacy of this drug in patients undergoing retropubic prostatectomy, which is often associated with major blood loss and need for transfusion.
In a double-blind, randomised placebo-controlled trial, we recorded blood loss and transfusion requirements in 36 patients undergoing retropubic prostatectomy, who were randomised to receive an intravenous bolus of recombinant factor VIIa (20 microg/kg or 40 microg/kg) or placebo in the early operative phase.
Median perioperative blood loss was 1235 mL (IQR 1025-1407) and 1089 mL (928-1320) in groups given recombinant factor VIIa 20 microg/kg and 40 microg/kg, respectively, compared with 2688 mL (1707-3565) in the placebo group (p=0.001). Seven of twelve placebo-treated patients were transfused, whereas no patients who received 40 microg/kg recombinant factor VIIa needed transfusion. The odds ratio for receiving any blood product in patients treated with recombinant factor VIIa compared with control patients was 0 (95% CI 0.00-0.33) No adverse events arose.
An injection of recombinant factor VIIa can reduce perioperative blood loss and eliminate the need for transfusion in patients undergoing major surgery.
The Lancet 02/2003; 361(9353):201-5. · 39.06 Impact Factor
Data provided are for informational purposes only. Although carefully collected, accuracy cannot be guaranteed. The impact factor represents a rough estimation of the journal's impact factor and does not reflect the actual current impact factor. Publisher conditions are provided by RoMEO. Differing provisions from the publisher's actual policy or licence agreement may be applicable.