Childhood acute pancreatitis in a children's hospital.
ABSTRACT To analyse the cases of acute pancreatitis presented to a children's hospital in Singapore.
Clinical charts of all children, aged under 18 years, who presented to our hospital for the first time with pancreatitis (ICD search criteria = 577.x) between the period of 1998 and mid-2002 were reviewed. Parameters analysed included presenting features, aetiology of the acute pancreatitis, length of hospital stay, complications, treatment and outcome.
There were 12 cases in the review period, and the attributable causes in these cases were, in descending order, trauma, drug-induced, anatomical anomalies, poisoning and idiopathic. Of interest were two patients whose pancreatitis were results of child abuse. The most common symptoms were abdominal pain (n=11) and vomiting (n=7), though only five patients localised the pain to the epigastrium. Abdominal tenderness could be elicited in all the patients. Eleven had evidence of acute pancreatitis from computerised tomography (CT) whilst the twelfth was diagnosed with ultrasonography. The peak amylase levels amongst these patients were not high, with a median of 512.5 U/L. In the acute stage, only one patient required operative intervention whilst the remainder were managed conservatively. The mean length of hospital stay was 12.41 +/- 4.54 days. The complications encountered included pseudocyst formation, ascites, hypocalcaemia, pleural effusion and coagulopathy.
The diagnosis of acute pancreatitis in children can be difficult. This is often due to ambiguous symptoms, signs and laboratory results. CT and ultrasound are essential investigations in the diagnosis and subsequent follow-up.
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ABSTRACT: Acute pancreatitis (AP) in children is an increasingly recognised clinical entity notably different from the adults with respect to incidence, aetiology, severity and outcome. Yet our current understanding and approach to the management of paediatric pancreatitis is based almost entirely on adult studies. Acute recurrent pancreatitis (ARP) in children is more likely associated with various genetic factors, some of which have been relatively well characterised and others are in an evolving phase. The aim of this review is to summarise current knowledge, highlight any recent advances and contrast the paediatric and adult forms of this condition.Pancreatology 07/2013; 13(4):429-35. DOI:10.1016/j.pan.2013.06.005 · 2.50 Impact Factor
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Article: Elevated amylase in childhood[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: A 3-year-old boy was referred to a regional centre with an acute abdomen. On admission, his abdomen was clinically benign but an extremely high serum amylase titre noted. The patient was treated with simple observation and over the following period he was found to have an inflamed parotid gland.Annals of Clinical Biochemistry 08/2006; 43(Pt 4):318-9. DOI:10.1258/000456306777695708 · 2.08 Impact Factor