Article

The internet and social life.

New York University, New York, New York 10003, USA.
Annual Review of Psychology (Impact Factor: 20.53). 02/2004; 55:573-90. DOI: 10.1146/annurev.psych.55.090902.141922
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The Internet is the latest in a series of technological breakthroughs in interpersonal communication, following the telegraph, telephone, radio, and television. It combines innovative features of its predecessors, such as bridging great distances and reaching a mass audience. However, the Internet has novel features as well, most critically the relative anonymity afforded to users and the provision of group venues in which to meet others with similar interests and values. We place the Internet in its historical context, and then examine the effects of Internet use on the user's psychological well-being, the formation and maintenance of personal relationships, group memberships and social identity, the workplace, and community involvement. The evidence suggests that while these effects are largely dependent on the particular goals that users bring to the interaction-such as self-expression, affiliation, or competition-they also interact in important ways with the unique qualities of the Internet communication situation.

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    • "Prior literature suggests that social exclusion may draw attention to resources that could facilitate social connections (DeWall, Maner, & Rouby, 2009; Williams, 2007). If online social networking has become a popular means of establishing and maintaining social connections in the information age (Bargh & McKenna, 2004; Ellison et al., 2007; Haythornthwaite, 2005), will thinking about SNS (i.e., available social connections) interrupt the perceived distress associated with social exclusion? Determining whether the idea of online social networking is related to the experience of social exclusion is pertinent for understanding how strongly SNS have become a potential source of social connections in contemporary social life. "
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    Computers in Human Behavior 08/2015; 49. DOI:10.1016/j.chb.2015.02.064 · 2.69 Impact Factor
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    • "In fact, social media are virtual spaces where individuals experience an optimal experience (Mauri et al., 2011) and can create, meet and discuss about their experiences, values and opinions (Espinoza and Juvonen, 2011; Gonzales and Hancock, 2011). On one side, these virtual spaces can be the fertile ground for interpersonal sharing of knowledge, for the formation of friendships and even close relationships because of the shared interests and values of their users (Howard, 2002; Smith, 2010; Bargh and McKenna, 2004). On the other side, social media allow users to negotiate presentations of self in their profiles. "
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    • "Consequently, this may facilitate the creation of more positive impressions in an online interaction, resulting in less intergroup anxiety. In addition, salient features that clearly denote outgroup membership, such as physical appearance or accent, which may heighten anxiety during FtF contact, can be rendered invisible with text-only online communication (Bargh & McKenna, 2004; Ma, 1996; Sheeks & Birchmeier, 2007). Indeed, similar to existing intergroup contact research, anxiety has been found to mediate the effects of E-contact in reducing intergroup bias (White & Abu- Rayya, 2012). "
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