Food security status of households in Appalachian Ohio with children in Head Start.
ABSTRACT This study measured food security and hunger of households involved in Head Start in a rural Appalachian county and assessed factors that could affect food security and hunger. A convenience sample of households with children enrolled in the Head Start program in Athens County, Ohio, were sampled (n=710), with adults from 297 (42%) households responding. The survey instrument included the 18-question US Household Food Security Survey Module for measuring hunger and food insecurity. Of those responding, 152 households (51.2%) were food secure and 145 (48.8%) were food insecure. Ninety (30.3%) had experienced hunger in the previous 12 months, and 41 (13.8%) households were classified as food insecure with childhood hunger. Hunger was related to a variety of household characteristics and associated with several factors, including participation in food banks, dependence on family members and friends outside of the household for food, lacking reliable transportation, and not having a garden.
- SourceAvailable from: Michael B Elliott[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to identify whether or not there are associations between frequency of eating homegrown produce among rural parents and their preschool children and overall intake. A cross-sectional study, including parents (n=1,658) and their preschool children (aged 2 to 5 years) enrolled in a parent education program, in eight rural Southeast Missouri counties was conducted. Parents completed a telephone interview answering questions for themselves and their preschool child about their fruit and vegetable intake during the past 7 days using a 29-item food frequency questionnaire (82% response rate). Frequency of eating homegrown fruits and vegetables was examined and categorized as almost always/always (n=226), sometimes (n=871), and rarely/never (n=546). Odds ratios with 95% confidence intervals, independent sample t tests (two-sided) analyses, and analysis of covariance (with post hoc tests) were conducted. Significant differences were found in the overall fruit and vegetable diets and nutrient quality between all three groups for both parents and their preschool children. Furthermore, frequency of eating homegrown fruits and vegetables promoted a positive home environment with increased availability of produce (rarely/never=4.3 items, sometimes=4.7 items, almost always/always=5.2 items), preschooler's preference for them (rarely/never=3.5 favorites, sometimes=3.7 favorites, almost always/always=4.8 favorites) and parental role modeling (rarely/never=5.3 fruit and vegetable eating observations, sometimes=6.2 fruit and vegetable eating observations, almost always/always=6.3 fruit and vegetable eating observations). Interactions within the larger community food environment were not significantly affected as measured by weekly food dollars spent (rarely/never=$136, sometimes=$117, almost always/always=$137) or eating out the previous month (rarely/never=7.7 times, sometimes=7.2 times, almost always/always=7.0 times). Our findings suggest that educational programs promoting awareness of local produce sources and facilitating the development of gardening programs may be a worthwhile investment.Journal of the American Dietetic Association 05/2007; 107(4):577-84. · 3.80 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: To identify factors associated with food insecurity in California women. The California Women's Health Survey is an ongoing annual telephone survey that collects data about health-related attitudes and behaviours from a randomly selected sample of women. Food insecurity of the women was measured by a 6-item subset of the Food Security Module. Statistical procedures included chi-square tests, t-tests, logistic regression analysis and analysis of covariance. California, USA. Four thousand and thirty-seven women (18 years or older). Prevalence of food insecurity was 25.7%. After controlling for income, factors associated with greater food insecurity were Hispanic or Black race/ethnicity; less than a 12th grade education; being unmarried; less than 55 years old; being Spanish-speaking; having spent less than half of one's life in the USA; sadness/depression; feeling overwhelmed; poor physical/mental health interfering with activities; and fair to poor general health. Among Food Stamp Program (FSP) participants, 71% were food-insecure. Among FSP-eligible women who had not applied for the programme, the prevalence of food insecurity was lower among women responding that they did not need food stamps than in women giving other reasons for not applying (23.9% vs. 66.9%, P < 0.001). Factors associated with food insecurity in FSP recipients included being unable to make food stamps last for 30 days, feeling overwhelmed, and having a birthplace in Mexico or Central America. Along with several socio-economic variables, poor physical and mental health is associated with food insecurity. Whether food insecurity is a cause or effect of poor health remains in question.Public Health Nutrition 07/2007; 10(6):574-81. · 2.25 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We measured food insecurity and investigated whether sociodemographics and assistance program use were associated with food insecurity in a random sample of working-age Oregonians (N = 343) using hierarchical logistic regression. About 14% of Oregonians were food insecure. Food insecurity was significantly associated with less education, unemployment, household income 30% of income for housing. Having a household member who had used Social Security Insurance or frequented a food bank increased the odds of food insecurity, whereas Food Stamp Program participation decreased the odds of food insecurity. This study supports previous research linking food insecurity to human capital and economic factors and can inform public health programs and policies designed to lower food insecurity.Journal of Hunger & Environmental Nutrition 01/2008; 3(1):36-50.