BRCA germline mutations in Jewish women with uterine serous papillary carcinoma
ABSTRACT Our recent study determined the possible effects and incidence of BRCA1 and BRCA2 germline mutations in uterine serous papillary carcinoma (USPC). The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence of these mutations in an enlarged series of USPC.
We screened DNA from 27 women with USPC for BRCA1 and BRCA2 germline mutations common in the Jewish population (BRCA1-185delAG and 5382 insC,BRCA2-6174delT). In women with germline mutations, tumor DNA was screened for loss of heterozygosity (LOH) at the appropriate loci.
Women (20) were of Jewish Ashkenazi origin and seven were non-Ashkenazi. Four of 20 (20%) Ashkenazi women were carriers of germline mutations: three 185delAG mutation and one 5382insC mutation. All carriers had strong family histories of breast-ovarian carcinoma. Seven out of 20 (35%) women had been diagnosed for breast carcinoma before diagnosis of USPC. Family histories of 12 women (60%) showed at least one first-degree relative with breast, ovarian, or colon carcinoma. Loss of heterozygosity analysis found a loss of the wild-type BRCA1 allele in three of the four primary uterine tumors that were examined.
Our findings further support our previous published data suggesting a high incidence of BRCA carriers among USPC Ashkenazi Jewish patients. The loss of heterozygosity in the tumor tissue of carriers coupled with the high frequency of patient and family history of breast and ovarian malignancies suggest that USPC might be part of the manifestation of familial breast-ovarian cancer in Ashkenazi Jewish patients.
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- "So not only does the finding of asymptomatic occult endometrioid endometrial carcinomas, particularly in patients who have received tamoxifen, have implications in managing women at hereditary risk for HBOC, but even more significant may be the possibility that endometrium, as well as ovarian fallopian tube epithelium, might be a site of primary transformation to serous carcinoma in carriers of cancer-associated BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations (Casey and Bewtra, 2004). Apropos our observations, Hornreich et al. (1999) reported a case of uterine serous papillary carcinoma in an Israeli woman who carried the same Ashkenazi germline BRCA1 mutation as her sister who also was diagnosed with ovarian papillary serous carcinoma, and subsequently this group found that BRCA1 mutations were carried by 4 of their 20 patients (20%) with papillary serous uterine carcinoma (Lavie et al., 2004). Ashkenazi BRCA1 or BRCA2 founder mutations were found in 7/22 (32%) consecutive cases of papillary serous uterine carcinoma in Jewish women studied by Biron-Shental et al. (2006). "
ABSTRACT: Hereditary ovarian cancer accounts for at least 5% of the estimated 22,000 new cases of this disease during 2009. During this same time, over 15,000 will die from malignancy ascribed to ovarian origin. The bulk of these hereditary cases fits the hereditary breast-ovarian cancer syndrome, while virtually all of the remainder will be consonant with the Lynch syndrome, disorders which are autosomal dominantly inherited. Advances in molecular genetics have led to the identification of BRCA1 and BRCA2 gene mutations which predispose to the hereditary breast-ovarian cancer syndrome, and mutations in mismatch repair genes, the most common of which are MSH2 and MLH1, which predispose to Lynch syndrome. These discoveries enable relatively certain diagnosis, limited only by their variable penetrance, so that identification of mutation carriers through a comprehensive cancer family history might be possible. This paper reviews the subject of hereditary ovarian cancer, with particular attention to its molecular genetic basis, its pathology, and its phenotypic/genotypic heterogeneity.Molecular oncology 05/2009; 3(2):97-137. DOI:10.1016/j.molonc.2009.02.004 · 5.94 Impact Factor
Article: Endometrial Cancer
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ABSTRACT: Women from families with multiple cases of breast and ovarian cancer, specifically those who carry cancer-associated mutations of BRCA1 or BRCA2 are at increased life-time risk for peritoneal carcinoma, even after previous surgery to remove the ovaries, fallopian tubes and uterus. Hereditary breast-ovarian cancer (HBOC) syndrome and the associated BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations are particularly prevalent in women of Jewish lineage, and specific BRCA1 and BRCA2 germline mutations have been linked with peritoneal carcinoma and HBOC syndrome in Jewish populations, especially those of Ashkenazi descent. This review presents the currently available data and looks forward toward further and better understanding of peritoneal carcinoma in women with inherited susceptibility. Over 90% of peritoneal cancer in patients from HBOC syndrome kindreds and associated with BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations are serous carcinomas, which is equivalent with the proportion of ovarian cancers that are serous carcinomas in similar patients. The best indications are that while many peritoneal carcinomas in genetically susceptible women may arise directly from malignant transformation of the peritoneum, others might represent metastases from primary ovarian or fallopian tube carcinomas. Although the incidence of borderline ovarian tumors may not be increased in HBOC syndrome kindreds and those who carry cancer-associated BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations, these individuals could be susceptible to malignant transformation of borderline lesions of the ovaries and peritoneum. Moreover, recent reports raise the question of possibly increased risk in Jewish carriers of germline BRCA1 mutations for uterine papillary serous carcinoma, which could be the source of metastasis to the peritoneum in some cases. The penetrance of cancer-associated BRCA1 mutations for ovarian cancer is estimated to be 11%-54%, and for BRCA2 mutations the penetrance for ovarian cancer is 11%-23%. So far, available screening methods appear to be insufficient for early detection of many ovarian cancers. Prophylactic oophorectomy has been found to reduce the risk for ovarian cancer in women from HBOC kindreds and those who carry cancer-associated BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations, leaving a residual risk for peritoneal carcinomatosis of well less than 5%. Therefore, surgical removal of the ovaries, fallopian tubes and uterus, after child-bearing has been completed and by early in the fifth decade of life, are appropriate prophylactic procedures in women whose genetic susceptibility puts them at increased risk for cancers of mullerian tract origin, including ovarian and fallopian tube carcinomas and possibly serous carcinoma of the uterus. Hysterectomy, as well as salpingo-oophorectomy, removes the gynecologic organs targeted for malignant transformation in genetically susceptible women and simplifies decisions regarding hormone replacement therapy and chemical prophylaxis and treatment of breast cancer. Unless a transabdominal operative approach is otherwise indicated, laparoscopic-assisted transvaginal techniques are well suited for intra-abdominal exploration, cytology, biopsies and prophylactic salpingo-oophorectomy and hysterectomy in women with hereditary susceptibility to gynecologic cancer.Familial Cancer 02/2004; 3(3-4):265-81. DOI:10.1007/s10689-004-9554-y · 1.62 Impact Factor