DJ-1 (PARK7) mutations are less frequent than Parkin (PARK2) mutations in early-onset Parkinson disease.
ABSTRACT Mutations in the Parkin gene (PARK2) are the most commonly identified cause of recessively inherited early-onset Parkinson disease (EOPD) but account for only a portion of cases. DJ-1 (PARK7) was recently reported as a second gene associated with recessively inherited PD with a homozygous exon deletion and a homozygous point mutation in two families.
To investigate the frequency of DJ-1 mutations, the authors performed mutational analysis of all six coding exons of DJ-1 in 100 EOPD patients. For the detection of exon rearrangements, the authors developed a quantitative duplex PCR assay. Denaturing high performance liquid chromatography analysis was used to screen for point mutations and small deletions. Further, Parkin analysis was performed as previously described.
The authors identified two carriers of single heterozygous loss-of-function DJ-1 mutations, including a heterozygous deletion of exons 5 to 7 and an 11-base pair deletion, removing the invariant donor splice site in intron 5. Interestingly, both DJ-1 mutations identified in this study were found in the heterozygous state only. The authors also detected a polymorphism (R98Q) in 1.5% of the chromosomes in both the patient and control group. In the same patient sample, 17 cases were detected with mutations in the Parkin gene.
Mutations in DJ-1 are less frequent than mutations in Parkin in EOPD patients but should be considered as a possible cause of EOPD. The effect of single heterozygous mutations in DJ-1 on the nigrostriatal system, as described for heterozygous changes in Parkin and PARK6, remains to be elucidated.
- SourceAvailable from: Roberto Cilia[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We analysed the DJ1 gene in a large consecutive series (N=163) of Italian unrelated Early Onset Parkinson Disease (EOPD: onset ≤40 years of age) patients and 100 healthy controls (mean age 64±7ys). No homozygous or compound heterozygous mutations with an obvious pathogenic effect were found. Several variants were identified, some of which were novels. All variants had similar frequency in patients and in controls. Our data suggest that DJ1 mutations are very rare in Italian EOPD. Other genes and risk factors for PD are still to be identified.Neuroscience Letters 10/2013; · 2.03 Impact Factor
Chapter: Update in Parkinson�s Disease02/2012; , ISBN: 978-953-307-876-2
- [show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Approximately 3.6% of patients with Parkinson's disease develop symptoms before age 45. Early-onset Parkinson's disease (EOPD) patients have a higher familial recurrence risk than late-onset patients, and 3 main recessive EOPD genes have been described. We aimed to establish the prevalence of mutations in these genes in a UK cohort and in previous studies. We screened 136 EOPD probands from a high-ascertainment regional and community-based prevalence study for pathogenic mutations in PARK2 (parkin), PINK1, PARK7 (DJ-1), and exon 41 of LRRK2. We also carried out a systematic review, calculating the proportion of cases with pathogenic mutations in previously reported studies. We identified 5 patients with pathogenic PARK2, 1 patient with PINK1, and 1 with LRRK2 mutations. The rate of mutations overall was 5.1%. Mutations were more common in patients with age at onset (AAO) < 40 (9.5%), an affected first-degree relative (6.9%), an affected sibling (28.6%), or parental consanguinity (50%). In our study EOPD mutation carriers were more likely to present with rigidity and dystonia, and 6 of 7 mutation carriers had lower limb symptoms at onset. Our systematic review included information from >5800 unique cases. Overall, the weighted mean proportion of cases with PARK2 (parkin), PINK1, and PARK7 (DJ-1) mutations was 8.6%, 3.7%, and 0.4%, respectively. PINK1 mutations were more common in Asian subjects. The overall frequency of mutations in known EOPD genes was lower than previously estimated. Our study shows an increased likelihood of mutations in patients with lower AAO, family history, or parental consanguinity. © 2012 Movement Disorder Society.Movement Disorders 09/2012; 27(12):1522-9. · 4.56 Impact Factor