Enrichment of hyperforin from St. John's wort (Hypericum perforatum) by pilot-scale supercritical carbon dioxide extraction.
ABSTRACT St. John's Wort (Hypericum perforatum L.) was extracted with supercritical carbon dioxide using a pilot batch extraction plant. The effects of pressure, temperature, flow rate and extraction time were examined with respect to extraction yield and hyperforin content. Supercritical carbon dioxide showed a high selectivity for phloroglucinols. Extracts were analyzed using an isocratic HPLC method with a mixture of hyperforin/adhyperforin as an external standard. Within the studied range of extraction pressure (90-150 bar) and extraction time (1-5 h), extraction at 90 bar for 3 h and 120 bar for 1 h provided higher hyperforin content (up to 35%) in the resulting extracts. An increase in extraction temperature showed a negative effect, leading to increased degradation of hyperforin into orthoforin. When the total mass of carbon dioxide passing the extraction vessel was kept constant, changes in mass flow rate did not affect the extraction result.
Article: Isolation and purification of series bioactive components from Hypericum perforatum L. by counter-current chromatography.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Counter-current chromatography (CCC) combined with pre-separation by ultrasonic solvent extraction was successively used for the separation of series bioactive compounds from the crude extract of Hypericum perforatum L. The petroleum ether extract was separated by the solvent system of n-heptane-methanol-acetonitrile (1.5:0.5:0.5, v/v) and n-heptane-methanol (1.5:1, v/v) in gradient elution, yielding a phloroglucinol compound, hyperforin with HPLC purity over 98%. The ethyl acetate extract was separated by using the solvent system composed of hexane-ethyl acetate-methanol-water (1:1:1:1 and 1:3:1:3, v/v) in gradient through both reverse phase and normal phase elution mode, yielding a naphthodianthrone compound, hypericin with HPLC purity about 95%. The n-butanol extract was separated with the solvent system composed of n-butanol-ethyl acetate-water (1:4:5 and 1.5:3.5:5, v/v) in elution and back-extrusion mode, yielding two of flavones, rutin and hyperoside, with HPLC purity over 95%. HPLC-MS, reference sample and UV spectrum were selectively used in separation to search for target compounds from HPLC-DAD profiles of different sub-extracts. The structures of isolated compounds were further identified by ESI-MS, ¹HNMR and ¹³CNMR.Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences 03/2011; 879(7-8):480-8. · 2.78 Impact Factor