Resonance Raman spectra of electrons solvated in liquid alcohols.

Department of Chemistry, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720, USA.
Journal of the American Chemical Society (Impact Factor: 10.68). 04/2004; 126(11):3414-5. DOI: 10.1021/ja031816d
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Resonance Raman spectra of electrons solvated in liquid methanol, ethanol, and n-propanol are presented. At least five distinct solvent modes exhibit resonantly enhanced scattering, including the OH torsion, CO/CC stretches, the OH in-plane bend, methyl deformations, and the OH stretch. The 200-350 cm-1 frequency downshift of the OH stretch indicates a strong H-bond interaction between the electron and the hydroxyl group. The multiple modes including alkyl vibrations that are coupled to the electronic transition of the solvated electron reveal the extension of the electron's wavefunction into the alkyl solvent environment.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The structural and electronic properties of an excess electron (EE) in the ionic liquid (IL) 1-methylpyridinium chloride were explored using ab initio molecular dynamics simulations and quantum chemical calculations to give an overall understanding of the solvation and transport behavior of an EE in this IL. The results show that the EE resides in cation pi*-type orbitals and that the electronic states can be characterized by the alternating appearance of localized and delocalized states during the time evolution. The characters of the EE electronic states are determined by the number of cations contributing to the LUMO of the IL. In a localized state one or two cations contribute to the LUMO of the bulk ionic liquid, while in the delocalized state the IL LUMO is composed of pi*-type orbitals spanning nearly all the cations in the cell. The arrangement and fluctuation-induced changes of the orbital components in the empty band produce an alternation of different states and leads to the migration of the excess electron. These findings can be attributed to the special features of the electronic structures and geometries of the IL, and they can be used to explain similarities and differences between pyridinium-based and imidazolium-based ILs in mediating electron migration.
    Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics 02/2010; 12(8):1854-61. · 3.83 Impact Factor
  • Chemistry Letters - CHEM LETT. 01/2010; 39(7):668-670.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The dynamics of electron solvation following excitation of the charge-transfer-to-solvent precursor state in iodide-doped methanol clusters, I(-)(CH(3)OH)(n = 4-11), are studied with time-resolved photoelectron imaging. This excitation produces a I···(CH(3)OH)(n)(-) cluster that is unstable with respect to electron autodetachment and whose autodetachment lifetime increases monotonically from ~800 fs to 85 ps as n increases from 4 to 11. The vertical detachment energy (VDE) and width of the excited state feature in the photoelectron spectrum show complex time dependence during the lifetime of this state. The VDE decreases over the first 100-400 fs, then rises exponentially to a maximum with a ~1 ps time constant, and finally decreases by as much as 180 meV with timescales of 3-20 ps. The early dynamics are associated with electron transfer from the iodide to the methanol cluster, while the longer-time changes in VDE are attributed to solvent reordering, possibly in conjunction with ejection of neutral iodine from the cluster. Changes in the observed width of the spectrum largely follow those of the VDEs; the dynamics of both are attributed to the major rearrangement of the solvent cluster during relaxation. The relaxation dynamics are interpreted as a reorientation of at least one methanol molecule and the disruption and formation of the solvent network in order to accommodate the excess charge.
    The Journal of Chemical Physics 03/2011; 134(12):124311. · 3.12 Impact Factor