Nutritional plan: matching diet to disease.

Department of Veterinary Medicine and Surgery, University of Missouri at Columbia, Columbia, MO 65211, USA.
Clinical Techniques in Small Animal Practice (Impact Factor: 0.82). 03/2004; 19(1):9-21. DOI: 10.1053/S1096-2867(03)00081-1
Source: PubMed


Institution of appropriate, timely nutritional support in the anorexic or critically ill patient has become accepted medical practice in people and animals. This article focuses on the benefits of appropriate nutrient intake in critically ill animals, recommended nutrient requirements for dogs and cats receiving enteral feeding, and mechanics of food preparation and delivery for a variety of feeding tubes. General nutrient requirements for all patients, specific recommendations for certain illnesses such as renal failure, pancreatitis, and hepatic disease, and nutritional alterations for critical illness are reviewed. Commercial liquid diets manufactured for people and pets, and pet-food diets practical for formulation of gruel are presented. Institution of and weaning from feeding are explained.

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