Neuroprotective effects of resveratrol against beta-amyloid-induced neurotoxicity in rat hippocampal neurons: involvement of protein kinase C.

Department of Psychiatry, Douglas Hospital Research Centre, McGill University, 6875 Boulevard LaSalle, Montreal, Québec, Canada H4H 1R3.
British Journal of Pharmacology (Impact Factor: 4.99). 04/2004; 141(6):997-1005. DOI: 10.1038/sj.bjp.0705688
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT 1. Resveratrol, an active ingredient of red wine extracts, has been shown to exhibit neuroprotective effects in several experimental models. 2. The present study evaluated the neuroprotective effects of resveratrol against amyloid beta(Abeta)-induced toxicity in cultured rat hippocampal cells and examined the role of the protein kinase C (PKC) pathway in this effect. 3. Pre-, co- and post-treatment with resveratrol significantly attenuated Abeta-induced cell death in a concentration-dependent manner, with a concentration of 25 microm being maximally effective. 4. Pretreatment (1 h) of hippocampal cells with phorbol-12-myristate-13-acetate, a PKC activator, at increasing concentrations (1-100 ng x ml(-1)), resulted in a dose-dependent reduction in Abeta-induced toxicity, whereas the inactive 4alpha-phorbol had no effect. 5. Pretreatment (30 min) of hippocampal cells with GF 109203X (1 microm), a general PKC inhibitor, significantly attenuated the neuroprotective effect of resveratrol against Abeta-induced cell death. 6. Treatment of hippocampal cells with resveratrol (20 microm) also induced the phosphorylation of various isoforms of PKC leading to activation. 7. Taken together, the present results indicate that PKC is involved in the neuroprotective action of resveratrol against Abeta-induced toxicity.

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