Matrix metalloproteinases and TGFbeta1 modulate oral tumor cell matrix.
ABSTRACT The integrin beta6 has been shown to promote invasion and experimental metastasis by oral squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). In this study, we demonstrate that the expression of beta6 by oral SCC9 cells increased activation of the UPA --> MMP3 --> MMP9 pathway. We also demonstrate that the deposition of fibronectin and tenascin-C matrices by SCC9beta6 cells and peritumor fibroblast cocultures is counter-regulated by the UPA --> MMP3 --> MMP9 pathway. Suppression of individual components of this pathway increased the deposition of fibronectin, but decreased tenascin-C matrix assembly by the cocultures. When the SCC9beta6/PTF cocultures were incubated with TGFbeta1, the deposition of fibronectin and tenascin-C as well as the activation of MMP3 and MMP9 was increased. These results indicate that MMP3, MMP9, and TGFbeta1 are important for the modulation, composition, and maintenance of the ECM in oral SCC.
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ABSTRACT: The integrin alphavbeta3 has been shown to be tightly linked to progression of human melanoma. In this study, using two clones from the K1735 murine melanoma system, we investigated the role of alphavbeta3 in metastasis. The highly metastatic K1735M2 cells express the alphavbeta3 integrin, whereas the poorly metastatic K1735C23 cells do not. When transduced with the beta3 integrin subunit cDNA, the K1735C23 cells produced lung lesions and, in two animals, cardiac metastases, whereas the parental C23 cells did not. By contrast, transduction of the full-length beta3 integrin antisense DNA into the K1735M2 cells suppressed metastatic colonization. To specifically investigate the activation of beta3 integrin-mediated pathways, the beta3-positive and the beta3-negative K1735 cells were plated onto vitronectin, a major matrix molecule of both primary and metastatic melanomas. Tyr397 of FAK was phosphorylated several times higher in beta3-expressing K1735 melanoma cells than in beta3-negative cells. To determine whether phosphorylation of FAK was associated with K1735 melanoma motility, we expressed the FAK-related non-kinase (FRNK) in the highly metastatic K1735M2 cells. Exogenous expression of FRNK suppressed phosphorylation of FAK at Tyr397 and decreased the invasive ability of these cells. In addition, expression of a constitutively active mutant Src in poorly metastatic K1735C23 cells increased invasion in vitro; whereas expression of a kinase-inactive Src mutant suppressed invasion. Our results suggest that signals initiated by alphavbeta3 promote metastasis in K1735 melanoma cells through the phosphorylation of FAK and activation of Src.Journal of Cell Science 08/2001; 114(Pt 14):2665-72. · 5.88 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: We have shown that a fibronectin (FN) matrix is required for the organization of tenascin-C (TN-C) matrices by peritumor fibroblasts (PTF) cultured from tissue surrounding oral squamous-cell carcinoma (SCC). In the present study, we detected alternatively spliced FN containing both the EDA and EDB domains decorating the reactive stroma adjacent to the invading tumor nests in oral SCC biopsies. In vitro, PTF cells organized an extensive FN matrix rich in the EDA domain and containing a small amount of EDB. In contrast, normal human fibroblasts deposited a FN matrix which expressed only the EDA domain. PTF-conditioned medium (CM), shown to enhance migration of oral SCC cells on TN-C, was found to enhance their migration on FN and invasion of a reconstituted basement membrane. Addition of antibodies to FN to the PTF-CM inhibited SCC-cell migration on TN-C, and depletion of FN from the PTF-CM abolished its ability to induce migration or invasion by oral SCC cells, suggesting that FN promotes the migration and invasion of oral SCC cells. Western blots of the PTF-CM identified FN containing the EDA but not the EDB domain. When soluble FN was added to the control medium in the lower chamber of the Transwell system, SCC-cell migration increased significantly. These results demonstrate that both the EDA and the EDB domains of FN are expressed in the extracellular matrix of oral SCC in vivo and PTF in vitro and indicate that FN is the probable chemotactic factor in the PTF-conditioned medium.International Journal of Cancer 11/1998; 78(2):261-7. · 6.20 Impact Factor
- Cell 05/1992; 69(1):11-25. · 31.96 Impact Factor