8-OH-DPAT acts on both 5-HT1A and 5-HT7 receptors to induce hypothermia in rodents.
ABSTRACT Studies using selective drugs and knockout mice have demonstrated that the 5-HT(7) receptor plays an instrumental role in serotonin-induced hypothermia. There is also evidence supporting an involvement of the 5-HT(1A) receptor, although mainly from studies using 8-hydroxy-2(di-n-propylamino)tetralin (8-OH-DPAT), a 5-HT(1A/7) receptor agonist. Here we studied the effects of 8-OH-DPAT and selective antagonists for the 5-HT(1A) and 5-HT(7) receptors on body temperature in rats, wild-type (5-HT(7)(+/+)) mice and knockout (5-HT(7)(-/-)) mice. At lower doses (0.3-0.6 mg/kg, i.p.), 8-OH-DPAT decreased body temperature in 5-HT(7)(+/+) mice but not in 5-HT(7)(-/-) mice. At a higher dose (1 mg/kg, i.p.) 8-OH-DPAT induced hypothermia in both 5-HT(7)(-/-) and 5-HT(7)(+/+) mice. The 5-HT(1A) receptor antagonist (S)-N-tert-butyl-3-(4-(2-methoxyphenyl)piperazine-1-yl)-2-phenylpropanamide (WAY-100135) (10 mg/kg, i.p.) inhibited the effect of 8-OH-DPAT at all doses in rats and mice. In 5-HT(7)(+/+) mice the selective 5-HT(7) receptor antagonist (R)-3-(2-(2-(4-methylpiperidin-1-yl)-ethyl)pyrrolidine-1-sulfonyl)phenol (SB-269970) (10 mg/kg, i.p.) fully inhibited the hypothermia induced by 0.3 mg/kg 8-OH-DPAT, but not that of higher doses. In rats, SB-269970 caused a 60% inhibition of the hypothermia induced by 0.3 mg/kg 8-OH-DPAT. Thus, both 5-HT(7) and 5-HT(1A) receptors are involved in a complex manner in thermoregulation, with the 5-HT(7) receptor being more important at lower, possibly more physiological, concentrations.
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ABSTRACT: Inhibitory 5-HT1a receptors are located on serotonin (5-HT) neurons (autoreceptors) as well as neurons of the respiratory network (heteroreceptors). Thus, effects on breathing of 5-HT1a agonists, such as (R)-(+)-8-hydroxy-2-(di-N-propylamino) tetralin (8-OH-DPAT), could either be due to decreased firing of 5-HT neurons or direct effects on the respiratory network. Mice in which the transcription factor LMX1B is genetically deleted selectively in Pet1-1-expressing cells (Lmx1b(f/f/p)) essentially have complete absence of central 5-HT neurons, providing a unique opportunity to separate the effect of activation of downstream 5-HT1a heteroreceptors from that of autoreceptors. We used rhythmically active medullary slices from wild-type (WT) and Lmx1b(f/f/p) neonatal mice to differentiate autoreceptor versus heteroreceptor effects of 8-OH-DPAT on hypoglossal nerve respiratory output. 8-OH-DPAT transiently increased respiratory burst frequency in Lmx1b(f/f/p) preparations, but not in WT slices. This excitation was abolished when synaptic inhibition was blocked by GABAergic/glycinergic receptor antagonists. Conversely, after 10 min of application, frequency in Lmx1b(f/f/p) slices was not different from baseline, whereas it was significantly depressed in WT slices. In WT mice in vivo, subcutaneous injection of 8-OH-DPAT produced similar biphasic respiratory effects as in Lmx1b(f/f/p) mice. We conclude that 5-HT1a receptor agonists have two competing effects: rapid stimulation of breathing due to excitation of the respiratory network, and delayed inhibition of breathing due to autoreceptor inhibition of 5-HT neurons. The former effect is presumably due to inhibition of inhibitory interneurons embedded in the respiratory network.Journal of Neuroscience 01/2014; 34(1):51-9. · 6.91 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Hemorrhagic shock is a life threatening condition, and, as such, it is important to understand the mechanisms taking part in its reversal. In the 90s, it was shown that activation of serotonin 1A receptors is responsible for the circulatory decompensation and development of the sympathoinhibitory phase. In previous reports, it was demonstrated that activation of serotonin 1A receptors induces resuscitative effects in haemorrhaged rats. However, the effectory mechanisms still require further investigation. The aim of the present study was to determine whether the sympathetic nervous system participates in the effects of serotonin through central serotonin 1A receptors in haemorrhagic shock in rats. In order to determine the role of the sympathetic nervous system alpha-1-, alpha-2-, and beta-adrenergic receptors agonists - prazosin, yohimbine and propranolol, respectively, were used. We found that stimulation of the central serotonin 1A receptors by the administration of a selective agonist - 8-hydroxy-2-(di-n-propylamino)tetralin, 1-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodophenyl)-aminopropane (8-OH-DPAT) into the lateral brain ventricle is connected with the activation of compensation mechanisms leading to the increase in the heart rate and blood pressure. The current results demonstrate that the stimulation of peripheral alpha-1-, alpha-2- and beta-adrenergic receptors plays an essential role in the resuscitative effect triggered by the stimulation of central serotonin 1A receptors.European journal of pharmacology 03/2014; · 2.59 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Social defeat leads to selective avoidance of familiar opponents as well as general avoidance of novel, non-threatening intruders. Avoidance of familiar opponents represents a fear-related memory whereas generalized social avoidance indicates anxiety-like behavior. We have previously shown that serotonin signaling alters responses to social defeat in Syrian hamsters, although it is unclear whether serotonin modulates defeat-induced fear, anxiety, or both. In this study we focus on 5-HT1A receptors, in part, because their activation had been linked to the acquisition of conditioned fear. We hypothesized that pharmacological activation of 5-HT1A receptors prior to social defeat would reduce avoidance of familiar opponents and impair Arc expression in the basolateral amygdala (BLA), but not alter anxiety-like behavior. We administered 8-OH-DPAT, a 5-HT1A receptor agonist, prior to 3, 5-minute social defeats and 24 h later exposed hamsters to a social interaction test to measure the conditioned defeat response immediately followed by either a Y-maze test or an open field test. In a separate experiment, we administered 8-OH-DPAT prior to 3, 5-minute social defeats and later removed the brains for Arc immunohistochemistry. Social defeat increased the number of Arc immunopositive cells in the central amygdala (CeA), prelimbic cortex (PL), and BLA, and 8-OH-DPAT treatment reduced Arc immunoreactivity in the PL. These results suggest that 5-HT1A receptor activation impairs the fear memory associated with social defeat, but does not alter defeat-induced anxiety. Overall, 5-HT1A receptor activation may impair Arc expression in select brain regions such as the PL and thereby disrupt the development of a fear memory essential for the conditioned defeat response.Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior 01/2014; · 2.61 Impact Factor