8-OH-DPAT acts on both 5-HT1A and 5-HT7 receptors to induce hypothermia in rodents.

Department of Molecular Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, 10550 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.
European Journal of Pharmacology (Impact Factor: 2.59). 04/2004; 487(1-3):125-32. DOI: 10.1016/j.ejphar.2004.01.031
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Studies using selective drugs and knockout mice have demonstrated that the 5-HT(7) receptor plays an instrumental role in serotonin-induced hypothermia. There is also evidence supporting an involvement of the 5-HT(1A) receptor, although mainly from studies using 8-hydroxy-2(di-n-propylamino)tetralin (8-OH-DPAT), a 5-HT(1A/7) receptor agonist. Here we studied the effects of 8-OH-DPAT and selective antagonists for the 5-HT(1A) and 5-HT(7) receptors on body temperature in rats, wild-type (5-HT(7)(+/+)) mice and knockout (5-HT(7)(-/-)) mice. At lower doses (0.3-0.6 mg/kg, i.p.), 8-OH-DPAT decreased body temperature in 5-HT(7)(+/+) mice but not in 5-HT(7)(-/-) mice. At a higher dose (1 mg/kg, i.p.) 8-OH-DPAT induced hypothermia in both 5-HT(7)(-/-) and 5-HT(7)(+/+) mice. The 5-HT(1A) receptor antagonist (S)-N-tert-butyl-3-(4-(2-methoxyphenyl)piperazine-1-yl)-2-phenylpropanamide (WAY-100135) (10 mg/kg, i.p.) inhibited the effect of 8-OH-DPAT at all doses in rats and mice. In 5-HT(7)(+/+) mice the selective 5-HT(7) receptor antagonist (R)-3-(2-(2-(4-methylpiperidin-1-yl)-ethyl)pyrrolidine-1-sulfonyl)phenol (SB-269970) (10 mg/kg, i.p.) fully inhibited the hypothermia induced by 0.3 mg/kg 8-OH-DPAT, but not that of higher doses. In rats, SB-269970 caused a 60% inhibition of the hypothermia induced by 0.3 mg/kg 8-OH-DPAT. Thus, both 5-HT(7) and 5-HT(1A) receptors are involved in a complex manner in thermoregulation, with the 5-HT(7) receptor being more important at lower, possibly more physiological, concentrations.

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