Fine mapping of the Schnyder?s crystalline corneal dystrophy locus
ABSTRACT Schnyder's crystalline corneal dystrophy (SCCD) is a rare autosomal dominant eye disease with a spectrum of clinical manifestations that may include bilateral corneal clouding, arcus lipoides, and anterior corneal crystalline cholesterol deposition. We have previously performed a genome-wide linkage analysis on two large Swede-Finn families and mapped the SCCD locus to a 16-cM interval between markers D1S2633 and D1S228 on chromosome 1p36. We have collected 11 additional families from Finland, Germany, Turkey, and USA to narrow the critical region for SCCD. Here, we have used haplotype analysis with densely spaced microsatellite markers in a total of 13 families to refine the candidate interval. A common disease haplotype was observed among the four Swede-Finn families indicating the presence of a founder effect. Recombination results from all 13 families refined the SCCD locus to 2.32 Mbp between markers D1S1160 and D1S1635. Within this interval, identity-by-state was present in all 13 families for two markers D1S244 and D1S3153, further refining the candidate region to 1.58 Mbp.
- SourceAvailable from: Gerard Tromp
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
- "The recruitment efforts which spanned from 1987 to the present have been described in prior publications [Shearman et al., 1996; Theendakara et al., 2004] with Institutional Review Board approval of the study obtained from University of Massachusetts Medical Center from 1992 to 1995 and subsequently from Wayne State University to the present. Written informed consent was obtained from all adults and the parents of minors under research tenets of the Declaration of Helsinki. "
ABSTRACT: Schnyder crystalline corneal dystrophy (SCCD) is a rare autosomal dominant disease characterized by progressive corneal opacification resulting from abnormal deposition of cholesterol and phospholipids. Recently, six different mutations on the UBIAD1 gene on chromosome 1p36 were found to result in SCCD. The purpose of this article is to further characterize the mutation spectrum of SCCD and identify structural and functional consequences for UBIAD1 protein activity. DNA sequencing was performed on samples from 36 individuals from 14 SCCD families. One affected individual was African American and SCCD has not been previously reported in this ethnic group. We identified UBIAD1 mutations in all 14 families which had 30 affected and 6 unaffected individuals. Eight different UBIAD1 mutations, 5 novel (L121F, D118G, and S171P in exon 1, G186R and D236E in exon 2) were identified. In four families with DNA samples from both affected and unaffected individuals, the D118G, G186R, T175I, and G177R mutations cosegregated with SCCD. In combination with our previous report, we have identified the genetic mutation in UBIAD1 in 20 unrelated families with 10 (including 5 reported here), having the N102S mutation. The results suggest that N102S may be a mutation hot spot because the affected families were unrelated including Caucasian and Asian individuals. There was no genotype phenotype correlation except for the T175I mutation which demonstrated prominent diffuse corneal haze, typically without corneal crystals. Protein analysis revealed structural and functional implications of SCCD mutations which may affect UBIAD1 function, ligand binding and interaction with binding partners, like apo E.American Journal of Medical Genetics Part A 04/2008; 146(7):952-64. DOI:10.1002/ajmg.a.32328 · 2.05 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: To report an unusual presentation of Schnyder's corneal crystalline dystrophy (SCCD), sharing the feature of central corneal mosaic opacities. Observational case report. A 51-year-old man and his family members were examined. Investigations included slit-lamp biomicroscopy, radiography of knee joint, plasma lipid level, and genotyping of the SCCD candidate region in chromosome 1p34.1-1p36. A symmetric, central, disciform, full-thickness opacity was seen in both corneas of the patient. The opacities appeared in a mosaic pattern, instead of collections of crystals or a diffuse haze as typically detected in SCCD. Small clumps of crystalline deposits and arcus lipoides were also observed. Systemically, hyperlipidemia and bilateral genu valgus were identified. He had 2 daughters, and both of them had bilateral corneal crystalline deposits and genu valgus. No other family members had findings suggesting SCCD. The genetic study demonstrated that all of the affected individuals shared a common haplotype within the region of previously reported SCCD locus. However, 1 unaffected sibling of the proband also had the same haplotype. Central corneal mosaic opacities may be another variant of SCCD.Ophthalmology 05/2005; 112(4):650-3. DOI:10.1016/j.ophtha.2004.11.047 · 6.17 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Advances in the understanding of inherited corneal and external diseases may allow interventions that prevent the substantial vision impairment currently caused by these diseases. The observant clinician may first recognize inherited corneal and external diseases based on clinical examination and a careful family history. Researchers using positional cloning and candidate gene techniques have identified several disease-causing genes. Identification of the genes responsible for inherited corneal and external diseases will lead to more definitive diagnoses and represent the first step in development of effective therapies. Future endeavors are directed toward identifying additional inherited corneal and external diseases, the genes that cause them, and possible gene therapies to improve visual outcomes.The ocular surface 08/2005; 3(3):155-66. DOI:10.1016/S1542-0124(12)70197-0 · 4.21 Impact Factor