Crystallization and preliminary X-ray diffraction analysis of the hyperthermostable NAD-dependent glutamate dehydrogenase from Pyrobaculum islandicum.
ABSTRACT NAD-dependent glutamate dehydrogenase from the hyperthermophilic archaeon Pyrobaculum islandicum was crystallized in the apo- and holoenzyme forms. Crystals were obtained using 2-propanol and polyethylene glycol MME 550 as precipitants for the apoenzyme and holoenzyme, respectively. The apoenzyme crystals belong to the trigonal space group P3(1)21 or its enantiomorph P3(2)21. The asymmetric unit contains three subunits; the values of the Matthews coefficient (VM) and the solvent content are 2.9 A3 Da-1 and 57%, respectively. A native data set was collected to a highest resolution limit of 4.0 A on an in-house X-ray source using a rotating-anode generator (overall Rsym of 12.3% and completeness of 97%). The holoenzyme crystals belong to the orthorhombic space group P2(1)2(1)2(1); the asymmetric unit contains one hexamer, giving a VM of 2.79 A3 Da-1 and a solvent content of 55%. Native and derivative data sets were collected. The crystals diffract to a maximum resolution of 2.8 A on the KEK-NW12 beamline at the Photon Factory and gave a data set with an overall Rsym of 7.9% and a completeness of 91%. Attempts are being made to solve the structure by the SIRAS method.
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ABSTRACT: The extremely thermostable NAD-dependent glutamate dehydrogenase (NAD-GluDH) from Pyrobaculum islandicum, a member of the Crenarchaeota, was crystallized, and its 3D structure has been determined by X-ray diffraction methods. The homohexameric structure of Pb. islandicum glutamate dehydrogenase (Pis-GluDH) was solved and refined at a resolution of 2.9A with a crystallographic R-factor of 19.9% (Rfree 26.0%). The structure indicates that each subunit consists of two domains separated by a deep cleft containing an active site. The secondary structural elements and catalytically important residues of the enzyme were highly conserved among the NAD(P)-dependent GluDHs from other sources. A structural comparison of Pis-GluDH with other NAD(P)-dependent GluDHs suggests that a significant difference in the alpha8-loop-alpha9 region of this enzyme is associated with its coenzyme specificity. From the analysis of the 3D structure, hydrophobic interactions between intersubunits were found to be important features for the enzyme oligomerization. It has been reported that Pis-GluDH is highly thermostable, like the GluDH of the hyperthermophilic archaeum Pyrococcus furiosus, and the increase in the intersubunit ion pair networks is responsible for the extreme thermostability of the Pc. furiosus enzyme. However, the number of intersubunit ion pairs in the Pis-GluDH molecules is much smaller than those of the Pc. furiosus GluDH. The number of hydrophobic interactions at the intersubunit interfaces were increased and responsible for the extremely high thermostability. This indicates that the major molecular strategy for high thermostability of the GluDHs may be different for each hyperthermophile.Journal of Molecular Biology 02/2005; 345(2):325-37. · 3.91 Impact Factor