Advantages and disadvantages of colloid and crystalloid fluids.
ABSTRACT Plasma volume expanders--crystalloid, colloid, or a mixture of both--are used as fluid replacement in patients who have postoperative hypovoloaemia. Despite numerous clinical trials there is little evidence that either classification of plasma volume expander is more beneficial to mortality than the other.
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ABSTRACT: Acute renal failure (ARF) is a common problem in critical care; therefore, nurses should consider it to be a potential issue for all of their patients. Fluid management and diuretic therapy are important in these patients. The aim of this study is to review the use of these interventions in patients in acute renal failure. Initially, the paper will review renal physiology and discuss some of the causes of acute renal failure. This will be followed by a critical examination of the evidence surrounding the use of crystalloids and colloids for fluid resuscitation, as well as the role of diuretics in patients with acute renal failure. The paper concludes by identifying approaches for developing future practice in this area.Nursing in Critical Care 01/2007; 12(1):27-33. · 0.95 Impact Factor