Prevalence and isotype distribution of antiphospholipid antibodies in unselected Chilean patients with venous and arterial thrombosis.
ABSTRACT Antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) are a heterogeneous family of antibodies associated with thrombotic events and other complications. The objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence of aPL in a group of Chilean patients with thrombosis. Two hundred and twenty-six patients with venous and arterial thrombosis and 95 healthy controls were studied. Anticardiolipin (aCL), anti-beta(2 )glycoprotein I (anti-beta(2)GPI), and antiprothrombin (aPT) antibodies were determined. Eighty-eight out of 226 (38.9%) patients with thrombosis had some type of aPL. Fifty-seven patients (25.2%) were positive for aCL, 31 (13.7%) for aPT, and 14 (6.2%) for anti-beta(2)GPI antibodies. Twelve patients (5.3%) were positive for more than one aPL. IgG, IgM and IgA isotypes were observed in aCL, anti-beta(2)GPI, and aPT antibodies. Twenty-six out of 92 (28.3%) patients with venous thrombosis and 31/134 (23.1%) patients with arterial thrombosis were positive for aCL antibodies. With regard to the control group (4/95=4.2%), the odd ratios (OR) were 5.2 (1.3-19.8; p0.01) and 5.7 (1.6-22.3; p0.01), respectively. Additionally, we observed statistically significant OR with aPT and anti-beta(2)GPI antibodies; in the first, with venous and arterial thrombosis, and in the second, only with arterial thrombosis. Our results show a significant prevalence of aPL, predominantly aCL and aPT antibodies, in patients with thrombosis. Additionally, aCL and aPT antibodies appear to be a risk factor for venous and arterial thrombosis, and anti-beta(2)GPI antibodies appear to be a risk factor for arterial thrombosis.
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ABSTRACT: Background: Antiphospholipid antibodies are among the most important risk factors of arterial and venous thrombosis.Tanaffos 01/2010; 9:26-32.
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ABSTRACT: Aim To evaluate the magnitude of venous and arterial thrombosis risk associated with antiphospholipid antibodies (APLs) in adults without systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Case-control and cohort studies were selected from the MEDLINE and Cochrane Library databases. Two investigators independently extracted data on study design, patient characteristics, venous and arterial events and exposure to APLs, including lupus anticoagulant (LA), anticoardiolipin (aCL), anti-β2 Glycoprotein I (β2GpI), anti-prothrombin (aPT), anti-phosphatidyl serine (aPS), and anti-phosphatidyl ethanolamine (aPE). 30 studies were included (16,441 patients). The odds ratio (OR) for venous thrombosis was 6.14 (95% confidence interval [CI] 2.74-13.8) in LA-positive patients (5 studies, 1650 patients) and 1.46 (CI 1.06-2.03) in aCL positive patients (12 studies, 5375 patients). None of the associations with more recently identified APLs was significant, but fewer studies were available. For arterial thrombosis, the OR for LA and aCL was 3.58 (CI 1.29-9.92) and 2.65 (CI 1.75-4.00) respectively. The associations between β2GpI, aPT and aPS and the risk of arterial thrombosis were also significant, the OR being 3.12 (CI 1.51- 6.44), 2.95 (CI 1.31-6.66) and 6.00 (CI 3.07- 11.7), respectively. Owing to the heterogeneity of cut-off values for each APL assay, we were unable to perform any sensitivity analysis to determine the optimal value. The presence of low-quality studies may have led to overestimation of the magnitude of the associations. LA and aCL were significantly associated with an increased risk of thrombosis, especially arterial, in patients without SLE. Systematic thromboprophylaxis in high-risk patients with APL should be evaluated.Autoimmunity reviews 01/2014; · 6.37 Impact Factor
- Neuropharmacology 07/2011; · 4.11 Impact Factor