Characterization of 10 vulvar carcinoma cell lines by karyotyping, comparative genomic hybridization and flow cytometry.
ABSTRACT Ten vulvar squamous cell carcinoma cell lines established at the University of Michigan (UM-SCV-1A, -1B, -2, -3, -4, -6, -7) and at the University of Turku (UT-SCV-1, -2, -3) were characterized by G-banding karyotyping, comparative genomic hybridization (CGH), and deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) flow cytometry.
All cell lines had hyperdiploid DNA content as measured by flow cytometry. The DNA index (DI) remained relatively stable through different passages in 9 of 10 cases. DIs of UM-SCV-3 and UT-SCV-2 were near-diploid, as were the corresponding karyotypes. The 10 SCVs showed remarkable genetic similarities with respect to consistent chromosome rearrangements. Loss of 3p, noted in 8/10 SCVs, was narrowed to the smallest common region at 3p11-3p13. Loss of 8pter-p11 was observed in 10/10 cell lines. Loss of 11qter-q23 was present in UM-SCV-1 and -2, and in all four recently karyotyped SCVs. Other consistent losses include Xpter-p11 in 6/10, and 18qter-q11 in 7/10 cell lines. Common gains included gain of 8q in 8/10 and 3q in 6/10. Consistent copy number imbalances were confirmed by CGH; concerning loss of 3p, in 63%, to loss of 8p in 70%, to gain of 3q in 83%, and to gain of 8q in 75% of the cell lines.
CGH and karyotyping showed concordance in defining copy number imbalances, thus supporting the accuracy of CGH to detect chromosome imbalances in tumors that cannot be karyotyped.
- SourceAvailable from: Angel Mauricio Castro-Gamero[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Epithelioid sarcoma is a rare, aggressive soft tissue tumor of unknown histogenesis showing predominantly epithelioid cytomorphology. We conducted a conventional and molecular cytogenetic study of a 27-year-old male with epithelioid sarcoma with angiomatoid features. Cytogenetic analysis of epithelioid sarcoma metaphase spreads by GTG-banding revealed a diploid chromosome complement with structural and numerical aberrations. Comparative genomic hybridization analysis demonstrated the amplification of 3p24-pter, 4p15.2-p16 and 18q23, while chromosome losses involved 3p13-p14, 3q24-q26.1, 9q21, and 11q21. Fluorescence in situ hybridization assessment showed normal hybridization patterns for the C-MYC and CCND1 loci; CCND1 RNA overexpression was detected by real-time polymerase chain reaction analysis. Genetic evaluation of this rare condition may be useful in determining if epithelioid sarcoma is associated with a distinct genetic background.Genetics and molecular research: GMR 01/2009; 8(4):1211-7. · 0.99 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Vulvar carcinoma is a rare female genital neoplasm. Although numerous molecular defects in vulvar carcinomas have been reported until now, no molecular markers that could be applied in daily clinical work have been identified so far. However, there is emerging evidence that specific mutations and gene expression patterns may be used as diagnostic tools in oncology. In this article we systematically review genetic alterations that may contribute to the development and progression of vulvar carcinoma. We conclude by suggesting molecular markers of potential clinical value in the diagnostics of this type of cancer.Frontiers in bioscience (Scholar edition) 01/2011; 3:136-44.
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ABSTRACT: Gene silencing through promoter hypermethylation is a growing concept in the development of human cancers. In this study, we examined the contribution of aberrant methylation of promoter regions in methylation-prone tumor suppressors to the pathogenesis of vulvar cancer. Thirteen cell lines from 12 patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the vulva were evaluated for aberrant methylation status and gene copy number alterations, concomitantly, using the methylation-specific multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification assay. Of the 22 tumor suppressor genes examined, aberrant methylation was observed for 9 genes: tumor protein p73 (TP73), fragile histidine triad (FHIT), von Hippel-Lindau (VHL), adenomatosis polyposis coli (APC), estrogen receptor 1 (ESR1), cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 2B (CDKN2B), death-associated protein kinase 1 (DAPK1), glutathione S-transferase pi (GSTP1), and immunoglobin superfamily, member 4 (IGSF4). The most frequently methylated genes included TP73 in 9 of 13 cell lines, and IGSF4, DAPK1, and FHIT in 3 of 13 cell lines. Methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction was performed for TP73 and FHIT to confirm aberrant methylation by methylation-specific multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification. In the context of gene copy number and methylation status, both copies of the TP73 gene were hypermethylated. Loss or decreased mRNA expression of TP73 and IGSF4 by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction confirmed aberrant methylation. Frequent genetic alterations of loss and gain of gene copy number included gain of GSTP1 and multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1), and loss of malignant fibrous histiocytoma amplified sequence 1 (MFHAS1) and IGSF4 in over 50% of the squamous cell carcinoma of the vulva cell lines. These findings underscore the contribution of both genetic and epigenetic events to the underlying pathogenesis of squamous cell carcinoma of the vulva.International journal of gynecological pathology: official journal of the International Society of Gynecological Pathologists 12/2008; 28(1):63-75. · 2.07 Impact Factor