Pathogen growth in herbal teas used in clinical settings: a possible source of nosocomial infection?
ABSTRACT In some clinical settings, herbal tea is used in patient care (eg, for oral hygiene). Teabags containing herbal tea were therefore tested with regard to the presence of microbial contamination before and after brewing. In addition, pathogen growth in intentionally contaminated brewed tea was investigated over time. Teabags and brewed tea were highly contaminated (maximum mean values of 1.9 x 10(8) CFU/g raw tea), and it was found that the pathogen load of intentionally contaminated tea increased significantly (by a maximum of 10(5) colony-forming units/mL brewed tea) over time, suggesting a possible risk of patients developing a nosocomial infection when used in patient care.
- [show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Conclusion In summary,Acinetobacter colonization or infection may originate from the patients' own flora under the pressure of antimicrobial selection, the hands of staff members, or contaminated equipment. Transmission ofAcinetobacter strains between patients occurs primarily via the hands of health care workers. In outbreak situations, colonized or infected patients and the inanimate environment, which can be secondarily contaminated, are the main reservoirs in the hospital setting for crosstransmission. However, colonized or infected patients seem to be the most important source of cross-contamination, as epidemic strains spread easily throughout different wards. Especially in prolonged outbreaks in which control efforts such as proper hand washing, glove changing, and restriction of antimicrobial agents are ineffective and specific sources such as contaminated equipment are not identified, the source of the epidemic strain is likely the patients' inanimate dry environment [45, 48].European Journal of Clinical Microbiology 03/1998; 17(2):73-7. · 3.02 Impact Factor
- Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology 10/1999; 20(9):594. · 4.02 Impact Factor