Higher rates of post-partum complications in HIV-infected than in uninfected women irrespective of mode of delivery.
ABSTRACT To inform the debate on the use of elective caesarean section (CS) delivery in HIV-infected women, we investigated the occurrence of clinical events in the immediate post-partum period in women delivering in 13 European centres.
Two separate matched case-control studies (vaginal and elective CS deliveries) among infected women (cases) and uninfected controls delivering between 1992 and 2002.
The prevalence of minor and major post-partum complications was assessed overall for infected and uninfected women; within mode of delivery group (vaginal/CS) the complication rates of infected cases were compared with uninfected controls in a matched analysis.
Overall complication rates were 29.2% (119 of 408) for HIV-infected women, 19.4% (79 of 408) for uninfected women, 42.7% (135 of 316) for CS deliveries and 12.6% (63 of 500) for vaginal deliveries. There were no major complications in women delivering vaginally; but, compared with controls, HIV-infected cases were at increased risk of puerperal fever [odds ratio (OR), 4.5; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.55-13.07), especially after medio-lateral episiotomy. In the CS group, there were six major complications (five among cases, one control) (OR, 5.1; 95% CI, 0.58-45) and cases had an increased risk of minor complications (OR, 1.51; 95% CI, 1.22-2.41) compared with controls, mainly anaemia not requiring blood transfusion.
HIV-infected pregnant women are at increased risk of post-partum complications regardless of mode of delivery, but modification of clinical practice, particularly use of prophylactic antibiotics, would reduce this risk. Infected women should be informed about risks of vertical transmission and post-partum complications, and be involved in mode of delivery decisions.
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ABSTRACT: There are limited data on the impact of cesarean section delivery on HIV-1 infected women in Sub-Saharan Africa. The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of mode of delivery on HIV-1 disease progression and postpartum mortality in a Kenyan cohort.BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 08/2014; 14(1):257. DOI:10.1186/1471-2393-14-257 · 2.15 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: to evaluate puerperal morbidity in HIV-infected and HIV non-infected puerperal women. METHODS: longitudinal and controlled study performed from July 2001 to September 2003, in 205 pregnant women admitted for birth delivery at Odete Valadares Maternity, divided in two groups: HIV-infected women (82) and HIV non-infected women (123). Postpartum morbidity evaluation was performed from birth delivery up to 15 days postpartum. Morbidity was categorized as minor (postpartum hemorrhage, fever and endometritis) or major (blood transfusion, deep alterations of the surgical wound and indication for surgical intervention), and was evaluated both according to the presence or absence of HIV infection and the mode of delivery. Continuous variables were analyzed by the Students t-test, and categorical variables were analyzed by c2 and Fishers exact test using Epi-Info 2000 (CDC, Atlanta). RESULTS: puerperal morbidity was observed in 18 patients from the HIV group (22%) and in 17 patients from the control group (14%) with predominance of minor morbidity, without statistical significance, except for an increased risk of endometritis in the HIV group (RR=1.05; CI 95%:1.01-1.10). No significant difference was observed concerning the mode of delivery between the two groups. There were only two major morbidities: blood transfusion and necrotizing fasciitis. CONCLUSIONS: HIV-infected and non-infected puerperal women have a similar morbidity, despite the lower morbidity in the HIV non-infected group and the increased risk of endometritis in the HIV group. Clinical puerperium follow-up is a strategic control tool for an early identification of maternal morbidity.Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia 05/2007; 29(5):260-266.
Official journal of the South African Academy of Family Practice/Primary Care 08/2014; 55(2):164-167. DOI:10.1080/20786204.2013.10874326