Detection of malignant hepatic tumors with ferumoxide-enhanced MR imaging: usefulness of multishot and single-shot fast spin echo sequences.
ABSTRACT The purpose of our study was to assess whether respiratory-triggered multishot fast spin echo (MS-FSE) and breath-hold half-Fourier single-shot fast spin echo (SS-FSE) images, in addition to breath-hold T(2)*-weighted gradient recalled echo (GRE) images, increase observer performance in the detection of malignant hepatic tumors with ferumoxide-enhanced magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. Ferumoxide-enhanced MR images obtained from 48 patients with 83 malignant hepatic tumors were retrospectively reviewed by three independent off-site readers. In the first image review, GRE images alone were reviewed. Then, MS-FSE images were added for the first combination review. Finally, SS-FSE images were added for the second combination review. Observer performances were tested by McNemar's test and receiver-operating-characteristic analysis for the clustered data. Sensitivity for hepatocellular carcinomas, metastases, and malignant hepatic tumors overall was significantly (p < 0.05) higher with GRE and MS-FSE combined and GRE, MS-FSE and SS-FSE combined than with GRE alone. For metastases, the Az value was significantly (p < 0.05) higher with GRE and MS-FSE combined, and GRE, MS-FSE and SS-FSE combined than with GRE alone. We confirmed the incremental value of ferumoxide-enhanced MR imaging by obtaining MS-FSE and SS-FSE images in addition to GRE images in the detection of malignant hepatic tumors.
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ABSTRACT: Twenty-nine patients with hepatic hemangiomas (n = 14) and hepatic metastases (n = 15) underwent magnetic resonance (MR) imaging prior to and after an intravenous bolus injection of Gd-diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid (0.2 mmol/kg). Before contrast application, a T2-weighted spin echo sequence (SE 1,600/105) and a T1-weighted gradient echo sequence (GE 315/14/90 degrees pulse angle) were performed. Beginning with injection of the contrast agent, a dynamic study was conducted for 10 min using a moderately T1-weighted gradient echo sequence (GE 40/14/40 degrees) with an acquisition time of 10.2 s per image. Delayed (11 min) and late (60 min) postcontrast images were obtained using a T1-weighted sequence (GE 315/14/90 degrees). In the dynamic study (0-10 min) the hemangiomas were characterized by peripheral contrast enhancement and a subsequent hyperintense fill-in. The metastases showed very mixed patterns of enhancement after contrast administration, and their signal intensity remained low compared with that of the hepatic tissue. In the delayed postcontrast examination (11 min) the hemangiomas had a very high and homogeneous signal intensity and the metastases were characterized by an inhomogeneous, hypointense to isointense signal. The contrast between tumor and liver [signal-difference-to-noise ratio (SD/N)] was higher for all hemangiomas than it was for the metastases. In the T2-weighted precontrast examination, on the other hand, five hemangiomas and seven metastases showed an overlap in the SD/N. The late postcontrast images (60 min) did not yield any further diagnostic information. We conclude that the combination of a dynamic MR study with delayed postcontrast T1-weighted imaging is a useful method of diagnosing hepatic hemangiomas.Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography 01/1990; 14(2):205-16. · 1.58 Impact Factor