Minimally invasive total knee replacement: principles and technique.
ABSTRACT Recent attention toward minimally invasive approaches to joint replacement has resulted in new MIS TKA techniques for the implant of conventional TKA implant components. These proposed techniques must be evaluated thoroughly and changes approached with caution. Medial and lateral techniques that minimize interruption and dissection of neuro-vascular tissues, muscles, tendons, and ligament shave been described. Patients who have undergone these procedures have benefited short term from quicker recovery time and less pain and have benefited long term from the use of conventional prosthesis. Before MIS can become an accepted surgical technique for TKA, a clear understanding of the unique guiding principles behind MIS TKA must be understood and realized. Once these basic principles are followed and the surgeon is familiar with MIS TKA techniques, this technique should prove to be a substantial step forward in the continuum of TKA procedure development.
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ABSTRACT: This study evaluated a technique using the anteroposterior axis of the distal femur, rather than the transepicondylar or posterior femoral condylar axis, to establish rotational alignment of the femoral component in valgus knees. The anteroposterior axis of the distal femur was defined by a line through the deepest part of the patellar groove anteriorly and the center of the intercondylar notch posteriorly. Total knee arthroplasty was done in 46 valgus knees between 1980 and 1986 using the posterior femoral condyles as landmarks for rotational alignment. From January 1986 through January 1992 total knee arthroplasty was done in 107 valgus knees using the anteroposterior axis for rotational alignment of the femoral component. In the group of knees using the posterior condylar axis, medial tibial tubercle transfer was needed intra-operatively in 8 knees to prevent lateral dislocation of the patella. In the first 2 postoperative years, 4 knees had recurrent patellar dislocation or subluxation that required surgical correction. In the group of knees using the anteroposterior axis, patellar tracking problems that required realignment were significantly reduced. One knee required medial tibial tubercle transfer to correct a Q angle > 20 degrees. In the remaining knees, the Q angle was < 10 degrees, and patellar tracking was acceptable. Two years after surgery, no knees had patellar instability.Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research 12/1995; · 2.79 Impact Factor
- Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research 08/2001; · 2.79 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The effects of different knee joint angles and fatigue on the neuromuscular control of the vastus medialis oblique (VMO) and vastus lateralis (VL) muscles were investigated in 17 (11 men, 6 women) young subjects. The electromyogram (EMG) activities and the force generation capacities were monitored before and after a fatigue protocol at three different knee joint angles, 90 degrees, 150 degrees, 175 degrees of knee extension, on three occasions. In response to randomly triggered light signals, the subjects performed three isometric maximal voluntary contraction (IMVC) that lasted for 4 to 8 s. This was then followed by the fatigue protocol which consisted of six bursts of contractions fixed at 30 s on and 10 s off. Immediately after the exercise to fatigue, the subjects performed another three IMVC in response to the light signals. Repeated measures ANOVA were performed to examine the effects of fatigue at these three positions on the electromechanical delay (EMD), median frequency (fmed), peak force (Fpeak) and root mean square (rms)-EMG:Fpeak quotient of VMO and VL. The results revealed a significant effect of the three knee joint angles on the EMD before the fatigue (P < 0.05). The fatigue protocol induced a significant decrease in Fpeak at all the three positions (P < 0.01). However, the fatigue induced a significant decrease of fmed at only 90 degrees and 150 degrees of knee extension (P < 0.01). This occurred in parallel with the lengthening of EMD at these two joint angles (P < 0.01 and P < 0.05). The effects of fatigue on the fmed and EMD were not significant between VMO and VL at all three angles. The insignificant difference in fmed and EMD between VMO and VL at the three knee positions before and after fatigue indicated that no preferential onset activation between VMO and VL had occurred.Arbeitsphysiologie 01/2001; 84(1-2):36-41. · 2.66 Impact Factor