Vibrio cholerae periplasmic superoxide dismutase: isolation of the gene and overexpression of the protein.
ABSTRACT Superoxide dismutases are ubiquitous enzymes which play an important role in protecting cells against oxidative damage and which have also been shown to contribute to the pathogenicity of many bacterial species. Here we demonstrate that Vibrio cholerae, the causative agent of cholerae, expresses an active periplasmic Cu,Zn superoxide dismutase. Moreover, we have set up an expression system yielding large amounts of V. cholerae recombinant Cu,Zn superoxide dismutase in the periplasm of Escherichia coli and a procedure to obtain the enzyme in a highly purified form. Unlike the bovine enzyme, V. cholerae Cu,Zn superoxide dismutase has been proved to be highly resistant to inactivation by hydrogen peroxide. This property, which appears to be common to other bacterial enzymes of this class, might improve the ability of Cu,Zn superoxide dismutase to protect bacteria against the reactive oxygen species produced by phagocytes.
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ABSTRACT: The Na(+)-translocating NADH:quinone oxidoreductase from Vibrio cholerae contains a single Fe-S cluster localized in subunit NqrF. Here we study the electronic properties of the Fe-S center in a truncated version of the NqrF subunit comprising only its ferredoxin-like Fe-S domain. Mössbauer spectroscopy of the Fe-S domain in the oxidized state is consistent with a binuclear Fe-S cluster with tetrahedral sulfur coordination by the cysteine residues Cys(70), Cys(76), Cys(79), and Cys(111). Important sequence motifs surrounding these cysteines are conserved in the Fe-S domain and in vertebrate-type ferredoxins. The magnetic circular dichroism spectra of the photochemically reduced Fe-S domain exhibit a striking similarity to the magnetic circular dichroism spectra of vertebrate-type ferredoxins required for the in vivo assembly of iron-sulfur clusters. This study reveals a novel function for vertebrate-type [2Fe-2S] clusters as redox cofactors in respiratory dehydrogenases.Journal of Biological Chemistry 07/2005; 280(24):22560-3. · 4.65 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Bacterial and eukaryotic Cu,Zn superoxide dismutases show remarkable differences in the active site region and in their quaternary structure organization. We report here a functional comparison between four Cu,Zn superoxide dismutases from Gram-negative bacteria and the eukaryotic bovine enzyme. Our data indicate that bacterial dimeric variants are characterized by catalytic rates higher than that of the bovine enzyme, probably due to the solvent accessibility of their active site. Prokaryotic Cu,Zn superoxide dismutases also show higher resistance to hydrogen peroxide inactivation and lower HCO3- -dependent peroxidative activity. Moreover, unlike the eukaryotic enzyme, all bacterial variants are susceptible to inactivation by chelating agents and show variable sensitivity to proteolytic attack, with the E. coli monomeric enzyme showing higher rates of inactivation by EDTA and proteinase K. We suggest that differences between individual bacterial variants could be due to the influence of modifications at the dimer interface on the enzyme conformational flexibility.Biological Chemistry 09/2004; 385(8):749-54. · 2.96 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Highly virulent enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157:H7 strains possess three sodC genes encoding for periplasmic Cu, Zn superoxide dismutases: sodC, which is identical to the gene present in non-pathogenic E. coli strains, and sodC-F1 and sodC-F2, two nearly identical genes located within lambdoid prophage sequences. The significance of this apparent sodC redundancy in E. coli O157:H7 has not yet been investigated. We report that strains deleted of one or more sodC genes are less resistant than the wild type strain to a challenge with hydrogen peroxide, thus confirming their involvement in the bacterial antioxidant apparatus. To understand if the different sodC genes have truly overlapping functions, we have carried out a comparison of the functional, structural and regulatory properties of the various E. coli O157:H7 SodC enzymes. We have found that the chromosomal and prophagic sodC genes are differentially regulated in vitro. sodC is exclusively expressed in aerobic cultures grown to the stationary phase. In contrast, sodC-F1 and sodC-F2 are expressed also in the logarithmic phase and in anaerobic cultures. Moreover, the abundance of SodC-F1/SodC-F2 increases with respect to that of SodC in bacteria recovered from infected Caco-2 cells, suggesting higher expression/stability of SodC-F1/SodC-F2 in intracellular environments. This observation correlates with the properties of the proteins. In fact, monomeric SodC and dimeric SodC-F1/SodC-F2 are characterized by sharp differences in catalytic activity, metal affinity, protease resistance and stability. Our data show that the chromosomal and bacteriophage-associated E. coli O157:H7 sodC genes have different regulatory properties and encode for proteins with distinct structural/functional features, suggesting that they likely play distinctive roles in bacterial protection from reactive oxygen species. In particular, dimeric SodC-F1 and SodC-F2 possess physico-chemical properties which make these enzymes more suitable than SodC to resist the harsh environmental conditions which are encountered by bacteria within the infected host.BMC Microbiology 11/2008; 8:166. · 2.98 Impact Factor