Vibrio cholerae periplasmic superoxide dismutase: isolation of the gene and overexpression of the protein.
ABSTRACT Superoxide dismutases are ubiquitous enzymes which play an important role in protecting cells against oxidative damage and which have also been shown to contribute to the pathogenicity of many bacterial species. Here we demonstrate that Vibrio cholerae, the causative agent of cholerae, expresses an active periplasmic Cu,Zn superoxide dismutase. Moreover, we have set up an expression system yielding large amounts of V. cholerae recombinant Cu,Zn superoxide dismutase in the periplasm of Escherichia coli and a procedure to obtain the enzyme in a highly purified form. Unlike the bovine enzyme, V. cholerae Cu,Zn superoxide dismutase has been proved to be highly resistant to inactivation by hydrogen peroxide. This property, which appears to be common to other bacterial enzymes of this class, might improve the ability of Cu,Zn superoxide dismutase to protect bacteria against the reactive oxygen species produced by phagocytes.
- SourceAvailable from: brandeis.edu[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Copper-zinc superoxide dismutase (CuZnSOD, SOD1 protein) is an abundant copper- and zinc-containing protein that is present in the cytosol, nucleus, peroxisomes, and mitochondrial intermembrane space of human cells. Its primary function is to act as an antioxidant enzyme, lowering the steady-state concentration of superoxide, but when mutated, it can also cause disease. Over 100 different mutations have been identified in the sod1 genes of patients diagnosed with the familial form of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (fALS). These mutations result in a highly diverse group of mutant proteins, some of them very similar to and others enormously different from wild-type SOD1. Despite their differences in properties, each member of this diverse set of mutant proteins causes the same clinical disease, presenting a challenge in formulating hypotheses as to what causes SOD1-associated fALS. In this review, we draw together and summarize information from many laboratories about the characteristics of the individual mutant SOD1 proteins in vivo and in vitro in the hope that it will aid investigators in their search for the cause(s) of SOD1-associated fALS.Annual Review of Biochemistry 02/2005; 74:563-93. · 27.68 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We previously reported that an IkappaB-beta COOH terminal region protein (designated CTIB) was essential for the proliferation of CHO cells under acidic stress (Lao et al., 2005. J Cell Physiol 203(1):186-192). In order to investigate the mechanisms underlying the requirement of CTIB for acidic adaptation, CTIB was silenced with an RNAi technique in CHO cells. CTIB silencing resulted in those cells completely failing to proliferate and maintain intracellular pH (pHi) homeostasis at an extracellular pH (pHe) of 6.3. An increased activation of p38 MAP kinase was induced by CTIB silencing at the low pH value. CTIB was only present in the cytoplasm and co-immunoprecipitation of the cytoplasmic fraction revealed that the loss of CTIB led to a loss of p65 in the immunoprecipitate complex. CTIB silencing reduced both the decrease in p65 and the increase in p50 in the nucleus when the cells were incubated at pHe 6.3. In cells with CTIB silenced, the transcriptions of p65, p105, and IL1-beta were suppressed, and decreases in both the transcription and activity of MnSOD were observed at pHe 6.3. Suppression of these genes suggested a suppressed NF-kappaB activity since p105, IL1-beta, and MnSOD were target genes of NF-kappaB. Our data demonstrated that CTIB functioned to prevent the over-accumulation of p65 in the nucleus, ensuring the appropriate composition of the NF-kappaB complex in the nucleus to respond to stimuli under acidic conditions.Journal of Cellular Physiology 05/2006; 207(1):238-43. · 4.22 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The Na(+)-translocating NADH:quinone oxidoreductase from Vibrio cholerae contains a single Fe-S cluster localized in subunit NqrF. Here we study the electronic properties of the Fe-S center in a truncated version of the NqrF subunit comprising only its ferredoxin-like Fe-S domain. Mössbauer spectroscopy of the Fe-S domain in the oxidized state is consistent with a binuclear Fe-S cluster with tetrahedral sulfur coordination by the cysteine residues Cys(70), Cys(76), Cys(79), and Cys(111). Important sequence motifs surrounding these cysteines are conserved in the Fe-S domain and in vertebrate-type ferredoxins. The magnetic circular dichroism spectra of the photochemically reduced Fe-S domain exhibit a striking similarity to the magnetic circular dichroism spectra of vertebrate-type ferredoxins required for the in vivo assembly of iron-sulfur clusters. This study reveals a novel function for vertebrate-type [2Fe-2S] clusters as redox cofactors in respiratory dehydrogenases.Journal of Biological Chemistry 07/2005; 280(24):22560-3. · 4.65 Impact Factor