Article

A Pilot Study of Brief Interpersonal Psychotherapy for Depression Among Women

University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States
Psychiatric Services (Impact Factor: 1.99). 05/2004; 55(4):448-50. DOI: 10.1176/appi.ps.55.4.448
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT A matched-case-control study compared eight-week outcomes between a group of 16 depressed women who received brief (eight-session) interpersonal psychotherapy and a group of 16 who received a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (sertraline). Women who met DSM-IV criteria for major depression and who had a score above 15 on the Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression were treated openly with brief interpersonal psychotherapy and were matched on key variables with women being treated with sertraline. Linear mixed-effects regression models were used to compare groups on measures of symptoms and functioning during eight weeks of treatment. Both groups improved significantly over time, with large effect sizes. However, contrary to expectations, the women who received psychotherapy improved more quickly than those who received sertraline.

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    • "In this paper, evidence regarding the effectiveness of MBCT in decreasing depression in dually diagnosed individuals is presented. Various studies have suggested that short term therapy has a positive influence on reducing depression disorders in substance-dependent individuals (Levkovitz et al., 2000; Shwartz et al., 2004). However, few studies have focused on the influence of MBCT on dually diagnosed individuals who are simultaneously undergoing detoxification and treatment for their substance-dependence. "
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    Archives of psychiatric nursing 05/2014; 28(5). DOI:10.1016/j.apnu.2014.05.003 · 1.03 Impact Factor
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    • "Researchers began to test IPT for patients with diagnoses other than mood disorders: for example, bulimia (e.g., Fairburn et al., 1995) and substance abuse (Carroll, Rounsaville, & Gawin, 1991; Rounsaville, Glazer, Wilber, Weissman, & Kleber, 1983). Other research explored IPT formats: briefer (Swartz et al., 2004) and maintenance treatment (Frank, Kupfer, Wagner, McEachran, & Cornes, 1991), couples IPT (Foley, Rounsaville, Weissman, Sholomskas, & Chevron, 1989), group IPT (Wilfley et al., 2000) and IPT by telephone (Neugebauer et al., 2006; Ransom et al., 2008). IPT began to spread geographically, from the northeast USA to other parts of the country and to Europe and South America. "
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    • "Based on these clinical observations, Swartz and her colleagues, therefore, developed and tested an 8-session version of IPT that was demonstrated to have an onset of action comparable to that for pharmacotherapy (Swartz et al. 2004). That is, brief IPT was designed to offer several advantages: 1) rapid relief from suffering and 2) increased appeal to overwhelmed women (especially mothers and expectant mothers) who are historically unable to take advantage of longer treatments because of limited financial resources, limited health care coverage, or other competing demands for their time or resources. "
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