Involvement of 5-HT1A receptors in behavioural effects of the cannabinoid receptor agonist CP 55,940 in male rats.
ABSTRACT We have studied the possible interaction between the cannabinoid receptor agonist CP 55,940 (1 and 50 microg/kg) and the 5-HT1A receptor antagonist WAY 100635 (1 mg/kg) in the modulation of plus-maze and holeboard activity in Wistar adult male rats. In the plus-maze, the higher dose of CP 55,940 induced an anxiogenic-like effect, whereas the lower dose induced anxiolytic-like responses. The 5-HT1A antagonist, which was silent in this test, attenuated the anxiogenic, but not the anxiolytic, effect of CP 55,940. In the holeboard, the higher dose of CP 55,940 significantly decreased head-dipping duration, and WAY 100635, which did not affect exploratory head-dipping when administered alone, antagonized this effect. The administration of WAY 100635 significantly increased grooming behaviour, and this effect was inhibited by the two doses of CP 55,940, which did not exert any effect, per se, on this parameter. We provide the first evidence implicating 5-HT1A receptors in anxiety-related behavioural responses to a cannabinoid agonist.
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ABSTRACT: Cannabinoids play an important role in activity-dependent changes in synaptic activity and can interfere in several brain functions, including responses to aversive stimuli. The regions responsible for their effects, however, are still unclear. Cannabinoid type 1 (CB1) receptors are widely distributed in the central nervous system and are present in the periaqueductal gray (PAG), a midbrain structure closely involved in responses related to aversive states. Accordingly, exposure to stressful stimuli increases endocannabinoid (eCB) levels in the PAG, and local administration of CB1 agonists or drugs that facilitate eCB-mediated neurotransmission produces antinociceptive and antiaversive effects. To investigate if these drugs would also interfere in animal models that are sensitive to anxiolytic drugs, we verified the responses to intra-PAG injection of CB1 agonists in rats submitted to the elevated plus-maze, the Vogel punished licking test, or contextual aversive conditioning model. The drugs induced anxiolytic-like effects in all tests. The same was observed with the transient receptor potential vanilloid type 1 (TRPV1) antagonist capsazepine and with cannabidiol, a nonpsychotomimetic phytocannabinoid that produces anxiolytic-like effects after systemic administration in humans and laboratory animals. These results, therefore, suggest that the PAG could be an important site for the antiaversive effects of cannabinoids.Neural Plasticity 02/2009; 2009:625469. · 2.00 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Among all mental disorders, major depression has the highest rate of prevalence and incidence of morbidity. Currently available antidepressant therapies have limited efficacies; consequently, research on new drugs for the treatment of mood disorders has become increasingly critical. Recent preclinical evidences that cannabinoid agonists and endocannabinoid enhancers, such as the fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) inhibitors, can impact mood regulation have opened a new line of research in antidepressant drug discovery. However, the neurobiological mechanisms linking the endocannabinoid system with the pathophysiology of mood disorders and antidepressant action remain unclarified. In this review, we have presented an update on preclinical data indicating the antidepressant potential of cannabinoid agonists and endocannabinoid enhancers in comparison to standard antidepressants. Data obtained from CB(1) knockout (CB(1)-/-) and FAAH knockout (FAAH-/-) mice have also been examined within this context. We have illustrated how the various classes of antidepressants exert their therapeutic action. In particular, all antidepressants increase the neurotransmission of serotonin after long-term treatment, enhance the tonic activity of hippocampal 5-HT(1A) receptors, promote neurogenesis, and modulate (decrease or increase) the firing activity of noradrenergic neurons. Interestingly, cannabinoid agonists and endocannabinoid enhancers increase serotonin and noradrenergic neuronal firing activity, increase serotonin release in the hippocampus, as well as promote neurogenesis. Since cannabinoid-derived drugs potentiate monoaminergic neurotransmission and hippocampal neurogenesis through distinct pathways compared to classical antidepressants, they may represent an alternative drug class in the pharmacotherapy of mood and other neuropsychiatric disorders.Current pharmaceutical design 02/2009; 15(14):1623-46. · 4.41 Impact Factor
Article: Effects of the cannabinoid receptor ligands on anxiety-related effects of d-amphetamine and nicotine in the mouse elevated plus maze test.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The purpose of the experiments was to examine the anxiety-related effects of d-amphetamine and nicotine, and the possible involvement of the endocannabinoid system. D-amphetamine (2 mg/kg, ip) was administered acutely or daily for 8 days. On the 9th day, mice were challenged with d-amphetamine (2 mg/kg, ip) or nicotine (0.1 mg/kg, sc), and were tested in the elevated plus maze. Additionally, a distinct group of mice was pretreated with an acute (0.1 mg/kg,sc) or subchronic nicotine (6 days), and subjected to nicotine (0.1 mg/kg, sc) or d-amphetamine (2 mg/kg, ip) challenge on the 7th day. The cannabinoid receptor ligands, WIN 55,212-2, a non-selective cannabinoid receptor agonist (0.25; 0.5 and 1 mg/kg, ip) and rimonabant, a CB1 cannabinoid receptor antagonist (0.25; 0.5; 1 and 2 mg/kg, ip) were injected prior to each injection of saline or acute and subchronic d-amphetamine or nicotine. We observed that acute anxiogenic and subchronic anxiolytic effects of both psychostimulants as well as the development of full cross-tolerance to their anxiogenic effects were dose-dependently blunted by ineffective doses of WIN 55,212-2 (0.25 and 0.5 mg/kg) and rimonabant (0.5 and 1 mg/kg). These results provide evidence that the endogenous cannabinoid system is involved in the anxiety-related responses to d-amphetamine and/or nicotine.Journal of physiology and pharmacology: an official journal of the Polish Physiological Society 07/2009; 60(2):113-22. · 2.27 Impact Factor