Calcium negatively modulates calmodulin interaction with IQGAP1.
ABSTRACT IQGAP1 regulates cytoskeletal dynamics through interactions with the Rho family GTPases Rac1 and Cdc42, F-actin, and beta-catenin. Calmodulin interaction with IQ motifs of IQGAP1 negatively influences these IQGAP1 interactions. Although, calmodulin interacts with IQGAP1 in the absence of Ca(2+) and was suggested to exhibit reduced binding when Ca(2+) bound, recent reports show substantially greater binding when Ca(2+) is present. Binding evaluations have primarily relied on IQGAP1 interaction with calmodulin conjugated to Sepharose 4B. In this study we evaluated the Ca(2+)-dependence of calmodulin interaction with native IQGAP1 using a series of independent biochemical approaches. We found the apparent binding of calmodulin to IQGAP1 was Ca(2+)-independent, being between 5- and 20-fold greater in the absence than in the presence of Ca(2+). In addition, calmodulin interaction with IQGAP1 was negatively regulated by buffer [Ca(2+)] (IC(50)=3.4x10(-7)M). Regulation was specific to Ca(2+), as Ba(2+) was approximately 400-fold less effective than Ca(2+) at modulating the interaction. Moreover, testing of calmodulin mutants demonstrated that apocalmodulin tightly binds IQGAP1 and that the N- and C-terminal pair of EF hands are important for Ca(2+) sensitivity. These data indicate that calmodulin may disassemble from IQGAP1 to facilitate IQGAP1 interaction with effectors of cytoskeletal reorganization during conditions of cell activation that promote increased cytosolic [Ca(2+)].
- SourceAvailable from: David J Timson[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The IQGAP family members are eukaryotic proteins which act at the interface between cellular signalling and the cytoskeleton. As such they collect numerous inputs from a variety of signalling pathways. A key binding partner is the calcium sensing protein, calmodulin. This protein binds mainly through a series of IQ-motifs which are located towards the middle of the primary sequence of the IQGAPs. In some IQGAPs, these motifs also provide binding sites for calmodulin-like proteins such as myosin essential light chain and S100B. Using synthetic peptides and native gel electrophoresis the binding properties of the IQ-motifs from human IQGAP2 and IQGAP3 have been mapped. The second and third IQ-motifs in IQGAP2 and all four of the IQ-motifs of IQGAP3 interacted with calmodulin in the presence of calcium ions. However, there were differences in the type of interaction: while some IQ-motifs were able to form complexes with calmodulin which were stable under the conditions of the experiment, others formed more transient interactions. The first IQ-motifs from IQGAP2 and IQGAP3 formed transient interactions with calmodulin in the absence of calcium and the first motif from IQGAP3 formed a transient interaction with the myosin essential light chain Mlc1sa. None of these IQ-motifs interacted with S100B. Molecular modelling suggested that all of the IQ-motifs, except the first one from IQGAP2 formed α-helices in solution. These results extend our knowledge of the selectivity of IQ-motifs for calmodulin and related proteins.Bioscience Reports 02/2011; · 1.88 Impact Factor
- [show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: IQGAPs are cytoskeletal scaffolding proteins which collect information from a variety of signalling pathways and pass it on to the microfilaments and microtubules. There is a well-characterised interaction between IQGAP and calmodulin through a series of IQ-motifs towards the middle of the primary sequence. However, it has been shown previously that the calponin homology domain (CHD), located at the N-terminus of the protein, can also interact weakly with calmodulin. Using a recombinant fragment of human IQGAP1 which encompasses the CHD, we have demonstrated that the CHD undergoes a calcium ion-dependent interaction with calmodulin. The CHD can also displace the hydrophobic fluorescent probe 1-anilinonaphthalene-8-sulphonate from calcium-calmodulin, suggesting that the interaction involves non-polar residues on the surface of calmodulin. Molecular modelling identified a possible site on the CHD for calmodulin interaction. The physiological significance of this interaction remains to be discovered.Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 09/2012; · 2.33 Impact Factor
- [show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Dishevelled (DVL) is a central factor in the Wnt signaling pathway, which is highly conserved among various organisms. DVL plays important roles in transcriptional activation in the nucleus, but the molecular mechanisms underlying their nuclear localization remain unclear. In the present study, we identified IQGAP1 as a regulator of DVL function. In Xenopus embryos, depletion of IQGAP1 reduced Wnt-induced nuclear accumulation of DVL, and expression of Wnt target genes during early embryogenesis. The domains in DVL and IQGAP1 that mediated their interaction are also required for their nuclear localization. Endogenous expression of Wnt target genes was reduced by depletion of IQGAP1 during early embryogenesis, but notably not by depletion of other IQGAP family genes. Moreover, expression of Wnt target genes caused by depletion of endogenous IQGAP1 could be rescued by expression of wild-type IQGAP1, but not IQGAP1 deleting DVL binding region. These results provide the first evidence that IQGAP1 functions as a modulator in the canonical Wnt signaling pathway.PLoS ONE 01/2013; 8(4):e60865. · 3.73 Impact Factor