The pan HLA DR-binding epitope improves adjuvant-assisted immunization with a recombinant protein containing a malaria vaccine candidate.
ABSTRACT The pan HLA DR-binding epitope (PADRE) has been proposed as a simple carrier epitope suitable for use in the development of synthetic and recombinant vaccines. Using the mouse model, we evaluated whether PADRE could improve adjuvant-assisted immunizations with a recombinant malarial protein containing the 19kDa C-terminal region of merozoite surface protein 1 (MSP1(19)) that is a Plasmodium vivax vaccine candidate. Initially, the antibody immune response was evaluated in C57BL/6 mice, a mouse strain which develops a strong T cell immune response to PADRE. When administered in distinct adjuvant formulations, antibody titers induced by the recombinant protein His(6)MSP1(19)-PADRE were not significantly different to those generated by complete/incomplete Freund's adjuvant (CFA/IFA) in terms of magnitude, affinity, IgG subclasses and longevity. However, in C57BL/6 mice immunized with the recombinant protein His(6)MSP1(19), strong antibody responses could be generated in the presence of CFA/IFA but not other classes of adjuvants such as CpG ODN 1826 or MPL/TDM. Similarly, in BALB/c mice that do not develop T cells specific for PADRE, the recombinant protein His(6)MSP1(19)-PADRE failed to induce high antibody titers in the presence of adjuvants other than CFA/IFA. Our results indicated that when adjuvants that are not as strong as CFA/IFA are employed, the presence of PADRE greatly improved adjuvant-assisted antibody immune responses induced by a malarial recombinant antigen. Considering the great limitations of adjuvants for human use, our observation may improve the rational design of new vaccine formulations.
Article: Role of interferon-Î³ during CpG oligodeoxynucleotide-adjuvanted immunization with recombinant proteins[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Cited By (since 1996): 4, Export Date: 2 May 2012, Source: ScopusVaccine. 25(32):6007-6017.
Article: Role of interferon-gamma during CpG oligodeoxynucleotide-adjuvanted immunization with recombinant proteins.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Synthetic oligonucleotides (ODNs) containing immunostimulatory CpG motifs (CpG) are a new class of adjuvants suitable for the development of recombinant vaccines. Here we describe that endogenous interferon (IFN) was critical for the adjuvant activity of CpG ODN as genetically deficient mice developed significantly lower IgG antibody titers following immunization with recombinant proteins. In contrast, the absence of endogenous IL-12/IL-23 or IL-4 had little impact on the magnitude of the antibody response but instead caused a dramatic change in the pattern of IgG isotypes. The dependence on IFN-gamma was specific for CpG ODN and it was not observed with other adjuvants tested. IFN-gamma was produced by NK, dendritic cells, CD4+ and CD8+ T cells stimulated in vitro with CpG ODN. Adoptive transfer experiments confirmed that CD4+ or CD8+ T cells were in fact relevant sources of IFN-gamma in vivo. Following CpG ODN injection, splenic dendritic cells from IFN-gamma deficient mice did not up-regulate CD86 or CD40 expression, suggesting a role for these molecules. The importance of CD28 (CD86 ligand) was confirmed using CD28 deficient mice which presented severely impaired immune responses following CpG ODN-assisted immunization.Vaccine 09/2007; 25(32):6007-17. · 3.77 Impact Factor
Article: Immunogenicity of self-associated aggregates and chemically cross-linked conjugates of the 42 kDa Plasmodium falciparum merozoite surface protein-1.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Self-associated protein aggregates or cross-linked protein conjugates are, in general, more immunogenic than oligomeric or monomeric forms. In particular, the immunogenicity in mice of a recombinant malaria transmission blocking vaccine candidate, the ookinete specific Plasmodium falciparum 25 kDa protein (Pfs25), was increased more than 1000-fold when evaluated as a chemical cross-linked protein-protein conjugate as compared to a formulated monomer. Whether alternative approaches using protein complexes improve the immunogenicity of other recombinant malaria vaccine candidates is worth assessing. In this work, the immunogenicity of the recombinant 42 kDa processed form of the P. falciparum merozoite surface protein 1 (MSP1(42)) was evaluated as a self-associated, non-covalent aggregate and as a chemical cross-linked protein-protein conjugate to ExoProtein A, which is a recombinant detoxified form of Pseudomonas aeruginosa exotoxin A. MSP1(42) conjugates were prepared and characterized biochemically and biophysically to determine their molar mass in solution and stoichiometry, when relevant. The immunogenicity of the MSP1(42) self-associated aggregates, cross-linked chemical conjugates and monomers were compared in BALB/c mice after adsorption to aluminum hydroxide adjuvant, and in one instance in association with the TLR9 agonist CPG7909 with an aluminum hydroxide formulation. Antibody titers were assessed by ELISA. Unlike observations made for Pfs25, no significant enhancement in MSP1(42) specific antibody titers was observed for any conjugate as compared to the formulated monomer or dimer, except for the addition of the TLR9 agonist CPG7909. Clearly, enhancing the immunogenicity of a recombinant protein vaccine candidate by the formation of protein complexes must be established on an empirical basis.PLoS ONE 01/2012; 7(6):e36996. · 4.09 Impact Factor