Outcome of patients with HIV-related germ cell tumours: a case-control study.

Department of Oncology, Chelsea and Westminster Hospital, Fulham Road, London SW10 9NH, UK.
British Journal of Cancer (Impact Factor: 5.08). 05/2004; 90(8):1526-30. DOI:10.1038/sj.bjc.6601762
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Testicular germ cell tumour (GCT) is not an AIDS-defining illness despite an increased incidence in men with HIV infection. We performed a matched case-control study comparing outcomes in HIV-positive men and the general population with GCT, using three age and stage matched controls for each case. There was no difference in the 5-year GCT-free survival between cases and controls. However, overall survival was significantly decreased in the cases (log rank P=0.03). HIV was responsible for 70% of this mortality. The relapse-free survival for stage I patients treated with orchidectomy and surveillance was not affected by HIV status (log rank P=0.68). There was no difference in disease free survival in patients with metastatic disease (log rank P=0.78). The overall survival has not improved since the introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy (log rank P=0.4). Thus, HIV-related GCT is not more aggressive than GCT in the general population.

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