Dengue shock syndrome in a renal transplant recipient

Christian Medical College & Hospital, Ludhiana, Punjab, India
Transplantation (Impact Factor: 3.78). 03/2004; 77(4):634-5. DOI: 10.1097/01.TP.0000114608.44000.D7
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    ABSTRACT: Background Dengue is a growing public health problem in Pakistan and acute kidney injury (AKI) is one of the least studied complications of dengue virus infection (DVI). The aim of this study was to determine the frequency, severity and predictors of AKI in patients with DVI and to study the impact of AKI on the length of hospital stay and mortality.Methods We retrospectively reviewed medical records of patients aged ≥14 years hospitalized with a primary diagnosis of DVI at Aga Khan University Hospital Karachi between January 2008 and December 2010. Binary logistic regression models were constructed to identify factors associated with the development of AKI and to study the impact of AKI on hospital stays of more than 3 days.Results Out of 532 patients, AKI was present in 13.3% (71/532). Approximately two-thirds (64.8%) of these patients had mild AKI and a third (35.2%) had moderate to severe AKI. Independent predictors for AKI were male gender [odds ratio (OD) 4.43; 95% CI 1.92–10.23], presence of de
    10/2012; 5(5):390-394. DOI:10.1093/ckj/sfs117
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    ABSTRACT: Renal histology results are very scarce in dengue-associated rhabdomyolysis patients developing acute kidney injury (AKI). We report a case of dengue fever-induced AKI associated to rhabdomyolysis with a renal biopsy showing acute tubular necrosis (ATN) and renal deposition of myoglobin. A 28-year-old patient who presented dengue fever (DF) complicated by severe AKI and rhabdomyolysis is described. The patient required hemodialysis for three weeks. A renal biopsy revealed ATN with positive staining for myoglobin in the renal tubuli. The patient was discharged with recovered renal function. In conclusion, this case report described a biopsy proven ATN associated to DF-induced rhabdomyolysis, in which renal deposition of myoglobin was demonstrated. We suggest that serum creatine phosphokinase should be monitored in DF patients to allow for an early diagnosis of rhabdomyolysis and the institution of renal protective measures.
    Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo 04/2014; 56(1):85-88. DOI:10.1590/S0036-46652014000100014 · 0.91 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Venous drainage of the right paramedian sector (segments V and VIII), which is mainly via the middle hepatic vein (MHV), remains the major concern when using a right liver graft in living donor liver transplantation (LDLT). We herein describe our approach to decision making in the reconstruction of MHV tributaries in LDLT using a right liver graft without the MHV trunk. A total of 77 consecutive right liver LDLTs were performed between January 2011 and December 2012. The MHV trunk was not taken with the graft, and all MHV tributaries were ligated during donor hepatectomy. The right liver graft was subsequently assessed on the back table for congestion in the right paramedian sector as an indicator for the need to reconstruct MHV tributaries. Based on the algorithm, reconstruction of MHV tributaries was performed in 18 patients (23.4 %). Although a mild degree of congestion in the right paramedian sector was noted in a few liver grafts without venous reconstruction, this congestion was well tolerated by recipients and was not visible afterward. The recipients' outcomes were similar in groups with and without venous reconstruction, and the 1-year survival rates were 83.3 and 86.2 %, respectively. A right liver graft without the MHV trunk can be successfully performed in LDLT with a satisfactory outcome. However, these experiences show that this approach might be safely applied as a strategy for determining the necessity of reconstruction of MHV tributaries in a right liver graft without the MHV trunk in LDLT.
    World Journal of Surgery 06/2014; 38(11). DOI:10.1007/s00268-014-2667-z · 2.35 Impact Factor