Stimulation of differentiation in sodium-dependent vitamin C transporter 2 overexpressing MC3T3-E1 osteoblasts.
ABSTRACT Sodium-dependent vitamin C transporter (SVCT) 2 facilitates reduced ascorbic acid (AA) transport in MC3T3-E1 osteoblasts. Our previous studies suggested that Zn-induced osteoblast differentiation and Ca2+-, PO4(3-)-stimulated osteopontin (OPN) expression might result from their up-regulation effect on SVCT2 expression and AA uptake. Here, we investigated the role of SVCT2 on osteoblast differentiation by using SVCT2-overexpressing cells. Two clones of SVCT2-introduced cells overexpressed SVCT2 mRNA by 2.8- and 3.1-fold those of control cells, which resulted in obvious increase of AA uptake by 2.1- and 2.4-fold in Vmax with no change in Km. Alkaline phosphatase activity, hydroxyproline content significantly increased in SVCT2-overexpressing cells, and the induction of OPN mRNA was through up-regulation of OPN promoter activity by SVCT2 overexpression. Moreover, SVCT2-overexpressing cells exhibited more ability to promote mineralization and increase calcium deposition under the stimulation of 5 mM beta-glycerophosphate. These findings indicate that SVCT2 stimulates osteoblast differentiation and mineralization.
Article: The SLC23 family of ascorbate transporters: ensuring that you get and keep your daily dose of vitamin C.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The ascorbate transporters SVCT1 and SVCT2 are crucial for maintaining intracellular ascorbate concentrations in most cell types. Although the two transporter isoforms are highly homologous, they have different physiologic functions. The SVCT1 is located primarily in epithelial cells and has its greatest effect in reabsorbing ascorbate in the renal tubules. The SVCT2 is located in most non-epithelial tissues, with the highest expression in brain and neuroendocrine tissues. These transporters are hydrophobic membrane proteins that have a high affinity and are highly selective for ascorbate. Their ability to concentrate ascorbate inside cells is driven by the sodium gradient across the plasma membrane as generated by Na+/K+ ATPase. They can concentrate ascorbate 20 to 60-fold over plasma ascorbate concentrations. Ascorbate transport on these proteins is regulated at the transcriptional, translational and post-translational levels. Available studies show that transporter function is acutely regulated by protein kinases A and C, whereas transporter expression is increased by low intracellular ascorbate and associated oxidative stress. The knockout of the SVCT2 in mice is lethal on day 1 of life, and almost half of SVCT1 knockout mice do not survive to weaning. These findings confirm the importance both of cellular ascorbate and of the two transport proteins as key to maintaining intracellular ascorbate. LINKED ARTICLES This article is part of a themed section on Transporters. To view the other articles in this section visit http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bph.2011.164.issue-7.British Journal of Pharmacology 03/2011; 164(7):1793-801. · 4.41 Impact Factor