DNA strand breaks induced by low keV energy heavy ions.
ABSTRACT We present some results on the interaction of low energy atomic ions with DNA. Experiments consist of irradiation of dried DNA in vacuum with Ar ions at low keV energies for different time intervals. The DNA is placed back in solution and analysed by agarose gel electrophoresis. These experiments demonstrated the production of single and double strand breaks. The induction of these lesions could be due to several processes: direct collisions with DNA constituent atoms resulting in displacements, cascade recoil collisions of the constituent atoms, electron transfer processes between the ion and the DNA as well as breaks induced by molecular excitation and secondary electron interactions. Here we briefly discuss some aspects of direct and recoil collision processes.
SourceAvailable from: Marie-Christine Bacchus-Montabonel[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Modeling proton-induced damage in biological systems, in particular in DNA building blocks, is of major concern in studies on cancer proton therapy. This is indeed an extremely complex process and analysis of the mechanism at the molecular level is of crucial interest. Such collision reactions of protons on biological targets induce different reactions: excitation and ionization of the biomolecule, fragmentation of the ionized species, and charge transfer from the projectile ion toward the biomolecular target. In order to have an insight into such mechanisms, we have performed a theoretical approach of two of the most important steps, the fragmentation and the charge transfer processes. For that purpose, we have considered collision of protons with isolated 2-deoxy-D-ribose by means of ab-initio molecular dynamics and quantum chemistry molecular methods. The conformation of the sugar moiety has been analyzed and appears to induce important effects, in particular different fragmentation patterns have been pointed out with regard to the conformation, and significant variations of the charge transfer cross sections have been exhibited.Journal of Molecular Modeling 05/2014; 20(5):2221. DOI:10.1007/s00894-014-2221-9 · 1.87 Impact Factor
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Since ion energy deposition in the ion-bombarded materials dominantly occurs in the low-energy range, it is very interesting to know effects from ultra-low-energy ion interaction with DNA for understanding ion-beam-induced genetic mutation. Tens-keV Ar- and N-ion beams were decelerated to ultra-low energy ranging from 20 to 100 eV, or only a few to 10 eV/u, to bombard naked plasmid DNA. The bombarded DNA was analyzed using gel electrophoresis for DNA form changes. The original DNA supercoiled form was found to change to relaxed and linear forms, indicating single or double strand breaks after bombarded by tens-eV ion beam. N-ion beam was found more effective in inducing DNA change and mutation than Ar-ion beam. The study demonstrated that the ion bombardment with energy as low as several-tens eV was able to break DNA strands and thus potentially to cause genetic modification of biological cells. The experimental results were discussed in terms of direct atomic collision between the ions and DNA atoms.Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms 05/2014; 326. DOI:10.1016/j.nimb.2013.10.044 · 1.19 Impact Factor
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The fragmentation of singly and multiply charged 5-bromouracil molecules (C4H3N2O2Br) induced by collisions with slow multiply charged ions has been studied. The emission of neutral fragments as well as charge separating decay channels are identified as a function of the projectile charge state. In the first case, delayed loss of neutral moieties, occurring on a μs time scale, indicates a wider internal energy distribution resulting in a power law decay. In the second case, the most important decay channels, leading to the formation of Br+, HNCO+ and CO+/NHCH+, are discussed showing that in many processes intramolecular H-migration occurs before fragmentation. Furthermore, molecular rearrangement may lead to delayed charge separating processes. Although the dication of bromouracil is unstable, smaller doubly charged systems created by the loss of neutral fragments are found to be (meta) stable.The European Physical Journal D 06/2014; 68(6). DOI:10.1140/epjd/e2014-50073-y · 1.40 Impact Factor