Hepatitic graft-versus-host disease after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation: clinicopathologic features and prognostic implication.
ABSTRACT Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) of the liver after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation classically presents with increased bilirubin and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) levels. A hepatitic variant was recently recognized, with more than a 10-fold increase in aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels. This study defines the clinicopathologic features and prognostic implications of hepatitic GVHD compared with classic liver GVHD.
A total of 38 cases of hepatitic GVHD, 68 cases of classic liver GVHD, and 13 cases of hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related hepatitis after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation were analyzed.
Hepatitic GVHD cases showed significantly higher ALT, AST, and ALP levels compared with classic liver GVHD cases (at onset, mean ALT: 154 vs. 58 U/L, P <0.001; AST: 167 vs. 77 U/L, P <0.001; at peak, ALT: 435 vs. 112 U/L, P <0.001; AST: 587 vs. 150 U/L, P <0.001; ALP: 416 vs. 238 U/L, P =0.001), persisted longer (74 vs. 32 days, P =0.006), and showed more lobular pathologic changes in biopsy (lobular changes: 16/26 vs. 4/19, P =0.007; hepatocyte necrosis: 16/26 vs. 6/19, P =0.008; acidophil bodies: 15/26 vs. 4/19, P =0.014) but less cholestasis (4/26 vs. 8/19, P =0.045). However, cumulative doses of immunosuppressants prescribed, response, and outcome were similar. Compared with hepatitic GVHD, HBV-related hepatitis occurred later (95 vs. 184 days, P =0.049), but clinical and biochemical profiles were similar, requiring liver biopsies for their distinction.
Hepatitic and classic liver GVHD differed biochemically and pathologically, but these differences showed no obvious impact on outcome. The distinction of hepatitic GVHD from other hepatitis is mandatory.
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ABSTRACT: Human herpesvirus 6B (HHV-6B) is an opportunistic pathogen associated with a growing number of complications in immunocompromised patients. Multiple reports of HHV-6B-associated hepatitis following primary HHV-6 infection and liver transplantation have appeared, but this has only been well documented in 1 patient after hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). This report describes a case of acute hepatitis likely caused by HHV-6B in an HCT recipient who was successfully treated with ganciclovir. HHV-6B DNA was demonstrated in plasma and hepatic tissue using quantitative polymerase chain reaction and immunohistochemical stains. Chromosomal integration was ruled out. We review the literature reporting HHV-6B-associated hepatitis, which may be an underappreciated cause of liver disease after HCT.Transplant Infectious Disease 04/2014; 16(3). DOI:10.1111/tid.12208 · 1.98 Impact Factor
Clinical lymphoma, myeloma & leukemia 12/2013; DOI:10.1016/j.clml.2013.12.013 · 1.93 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To evaluate the potential therapeutic effect of the infusion of hMSCs for the correction of liver injuries, we performed total body radiation exposure of NOD/SCID mice. After irradiation, mir-27b level decreases in liver, increasing the directional migration of hMSCs by upregulating SDF1 α . A significant increase in plasmatic transaminases levels, apoptosis process in the liver vascular system, and in oxidative stress were observed. hMSC injection induced a decrease in transaminases levels and oxidative stress, a disappearance of apoptotic cells, and an increase in Nrf2, SOD gene expression, which might reduce ROS production in the injured liver. Engrafted hMSCs expressed cytokeratin CK18 and CK19 and AFP genes indicating possible hepatocyte differentiation. The presence of hMSCs expressing VEGF and Ang-1 in the perivascular region, associated with an increased expression of VEGFr1, r2 in the liver, can confer a role of secreting cells to hMSCs in order to maintain the endothelial function. To explain the benefits to the liver of hMSC engraftment, we find that hMSCs secreted NGF, HGF, and anti-inflammatory molecules IL-10, IL1-RA contributing to prevention of apoptosis, increasing cell proliferation in the liver which might correct liver dysfunction. MSCs are potent candidates to repair and protect healthy tissues against radiation damages.11/2013; 2013(4):151679. DOI:10.1155/2013/151679