HIV-1 CRF01_AE in intravenous drug users in Hanoi, Vietnam.
ABSTRACT To investigate the molecular epidemiology of HIV-1 among intravenous drug users (IDUs) in Hanoi we collected 17 samples from individuals living in 12 locations in and around Hanoi. The HIV-1 env V3 and gag p17 regions were directly sequenced from the proviral PBMC population. The majority of the IDUs were infected with HIV-1 CRF01_AE and one individual carried a p17/V3 CRF01/subtype C recombinant. The CRF01 viruses found among these individuals did not seem to be directly epidemiologically linked to each other. The sequences were, however, related to previously reported CRF01 sequences from Vietnam and China. Thus, IDUs in Hanoi seem to have derived their infections in Vietnam, but not from the same source. The discovery of the CRF01/C recombinant shows that new viral forms easily can be generated in IDU transmission chains.
- SourceAvailable from: Jianqing Xu
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- "The final dataset was composed of 1,957 CRF01_AE p17 sequences sampled from blood and collected between 1990-2010, which represented 15 countries (Table 1). Sequences were obtained through the utilization of PBMCs, serum or plasma samples of HIV-1 positive individuals, and methods of extraction and amplification were deliberately detailed in their relative studies [6,8,16-20]. All sequences were aligned with HIV-1 subtype reference sequences (http://www.hiv.lanl.gov "
ABSTRACT: HIV-1 CRF01_AE accounts for an important fraction of HIV infections in Asia including China, but little is known about the phylogenetic and evolutionary history of this CRF (circulating recombinant form). In the current study, we collected a large number of 1,957 CRF01_AE gag p17 sequences with known sampling year (1990-2010) from 5 global regions representing 15 countries to better understand the phylogenetic relationships and epidemic history of CRF01_AE strains in China. CRF01_AE gag p17 sequences were retrieved from public databases to explore phylogenetic relationships and phylogeographic dynamics of CRF01_AE in Asia by using maximum-likelihood phylogenetics and Bayesian coalescent-based analyses. We found close phylogenetic relationships between sequences from Thailand, Vietnam and China. Moreover, at least 5 independent introductions and 5 independent autochthonous clades of CRF01_AE, which descended from Thailand or Vietnam were identified in China from 1991 through 2003. The current study not only defines the migration of CRF01_AE clades to/in Asia, but also demonstrates the criticalness of identifying the circulating strains in the population for the development of vaccine and microbicides.PLoS ONE 11/2013; 8(11):e80487. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0080487 · 3.23 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: In the former Soviet Union (SU) increasing numbers of HIV-1 infections among injecting drug users (IDU) have been reported, especially in the Ukraine. The main subtype transmitted among the IDUs seems to be subtype A, but limited numbers of subtype B cases have also been reported. In Kaliningrad, Russia, an AB recombinant strain was earlier shown to be responsible for the local outbreak. Here we describe the genetic relationship of HIV-1 strains circulating among IDUs in the former SU. For subtype A and the AB recombinant strains nearly full-length genomes were sequenced, and for one subtype B strain the entire envelope gene was cloned. The relationship between the AB recombinant strain and the subtype A and subtype B strains and the mosaic structure of the recombinant was studied by phylogenetic analysis. Ukrainian A and B strains were shown to be the probable parental viruses of the Kaliningrad AB recombinant strain. In the envelope gene the recombination breakpoint could also be precisely mapped to a region of similarity of only 14 base pairs. This suggests that only short stretches of absolute sequence identity may be needed for efficient RNA recombination between HIV-1 subtypes.AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses 08/2000; 16(11):1047-53. DOI:10.1089/08892220050075309 · 2.33 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The proportion of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) among Vietnamese injecting drug users (IDUs) in Melbourne, Australia exceeds that of the background population. To investigate the molecular epidemiology of HIV-1 among this group, the C2-V4 region of the HIV-1 envelope was directly sequenced from 11 Vietnamese Australians and 19 non-Vietnamese Australian controls. A significant difference in the distribution of the HIV-1 subtypes was demonstrated, with greater than 50% of Vietnamese Australian IDU shown to be infected with CRF01_AE-the predominant subtype in Southeast Asia, rather than subtype B, which dominates the Australian epidemic and which was found in 89.5% of the non-Vietnamese controls. The genetic diversity of the CRF01_AE epidemic in Vietnamese Australian IDUs was substantially lower that that of the background subtype B, consistent with a more recent introduction of a limited number of viral strains from Vietnam. These results support public health policy targeting Australian IDUs of Vietnamese ethnicity as a distinct vulnerable population.AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses 01/2005; 20(12):1364-7. DOI:10.1089/aid.2004.20.1364 · 2.33 Impact Factor