Secreted transforming growth factor beta2 activates NF-kappaB, blocks apoptosis, and is essential for the survival of some tumor cells.

Department of Molecular Biology, Lerner Research Institute, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, 9500 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH 44195, USA.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (Impact Factor: 9.81). 06/2004; 101(18):7112-7. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0402048101
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The basis of constitutive activation of NF-kappaB, essential for survival and resistance to apoptosis in many tumors, is not well understood. We find that transforming growth factor beta2 (TGFbeta2), predominantly in its latent form, is secreted by several different types of tumor cell lines that exhibit constitutively active NF-kappaB and that TGFbeta2 potently stimulates the activation of NF-kappaB in reporter cells. Suppression of TGFbeta2 expression by small interfering RNA kills prostate cancer PC3 cells, indicating that the TGFbeta2-NF-kappaB pathway is important for their viability. These findings identify TGFbeta2 as a potential target for therapeutic strategies to inhibit the growth of tumor cells that depend on constitutively active NF-kappaB, or to sensitize them to treatment with cytotoxic drugs.

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