Carboplatin induces apoptotic cell death through downregulation of constitutively active nuclear factor-kappaB in human HPV-18 E6-positive HEp-2 cells.

National Centre for Cell Science, NCCS Complex, Pune University Campus, Ganeshkhind, Pune 411-007, Maharashtra, India.
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications (Impact Factor: 2.41). 06/2004; 318(2):346-53. DOI: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2004.04.037
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Because the role of nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB) is in cellular growth control and neoplasia, we explored the status of NF-kappaB and investigated its role in survival of human HPV-18 E6-positive HEp-2 cells. We observed accumulation of p65 in the nucleus. Moreover, without any external stimulus constitutive NF-kappaB DNA binding and transactivation activity were detected in HEp-2 cells. Treatment with NF-kappaB inhibitor curcumin (diferuloylmethane) and transient transfection of the mutant form of IkappaBalpha, IkappaBalpha super repressor (IkappaBalpha-SR), suppressed constitutive NF-kappaB activity as well as proliferation, suggesting that constitutive NF-kappaB activity is required for the survival of HEp-2 cells. Carboplatin treatment downregulated constitutive NF-kappaB activity and prevented nuclear retention of p65. Further, carboplatin also suppressed the constitutive IkappaBalpha phosphorylation leading to stabilization of IkappaBalpha protein in the cells. Carboplatin inhibited NF-kappaB binding to its response element present in Bcl-2 promoter resulting in downregulation of antiapoptotic Bcl-2 protein. Thus, our results for the first time indicate that constitutive NF-kappaB has a significant role in the survival of HPV-18 E6-positive HEp-2 cells. Moreover, inactivation of NF-kappaB is one of the mechanisms underlying the induction of carboplatin-mediated apoptosis in HPV-18 E6-positive cancer cells.