Prognostic factors in soft tissue leiomyosarcoma of the extremities: a retrospective analysis of 42 cases.
ABSTRACT Soft tissue leiomyosarcomas (LMS) are rare tumours which are associated with a poor prognosis. The goals of the present study were to describe the clinico-pathological and prognostic features of 42 patients affected by soft tissue LMS of the extremities.
The following clinical and pathological parameters were analysed: age, sex, site, size, depth, previous surgical procedures, stage, histological type, nuclear atypia, grade, mitotic activity, necrosis, surgical margins, therapy. Disease-free survival rates were calculated.
The overall 2-year and 5-year disease free survival rates were 42.3% and 32.6%, respectively. By univariate analysis, tumour size (< or =10 cm vs. >10 cm; p = 0.01), average mitotic rate (< or =19/10 HPF vs. >19/10 HPF; p = 0.05), type of excision (wide vs. marginal or intralesional; p = 0.001) and adjuvant radiotherapy (none vs. brachytherapy+external beam radiotherapy vs. external beam radiotherapy; p = 0.02) were significantly correlated with disease progression. By multivariate analysis, the only factor that was found to be an independent predictor of disease relapse was type of excision (p = 0.001).
Large tumour size and high mitotic rate resulted adverse prognostic factors. Adjuvant radiation therapy, in combination with wide surgical excision, allowed the best chance of cure.
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ABSTRACT: Cutaneous leiomyosarcoma (CLM) is a very rare smooth muscle tumor arising from the dermis or subcutaneous tissue in the skin. Superficial leiomyosarcoma originates in the superficial dermis or subcutaneous tissue and represents about 3% of the soft tissue sarcomas. CLM presents in persons of all ages but with a peak between 60-70 years old. It may also occur anywhere on the body; the existing cases reported it on the face and trunk. The clinic of leiomyosarcoma consists in a firm dermal nodule, which can be painful, pruritic or paresthestic. The tumor is of 1-3 cm in diameter and can often be seen as a solitary formation. We report one case of a cutaneous leiomyosarcoma arising in the chest region of a 79- year-old male. Leiomyosarcoma is a rare entity whose clinical presentation may appear nonspecific, making diagnosis difficult. Primary tumor excision with wide oncological safety margins is considered, when suitable case, the most appropriate method. Other therapeutic methods, such as radio- or chemotherapy are described as without significant benefits. Despite the claims of radical surgical treatment, due to recurrence rates, the prognosis remains poor. We recommend long-term follow-up of patients to capture a subsequent malignant disease progression.Journal of medicine and life 06/2014; 7(2):270-273.
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ABSTRACT: To describe MRI, MDCT features, and clinical outcome of extremity leiomyosarcomas (LMS). In this IRB-approved, HIPAA-compliant retrospective study, we included 47 patients (23 women, 24 men; mean age: 55.3 years, range: 17-85 years) with pathologically confirmed extremity LMS seen at our adult tertiary cancer center between 2000 and 2012. MRI/MDCT of primary tumors in 23 patients and follow-up in all patients were reviewed by two radiologists in consensus. Clinical data were extracted from electronic medical records. Primary tumors were distributed in bones (6 out of 47), deep soft tissues (24 out of 47), and superficial soft tissues (17 out of 47). On imaging (bone = 4, deep soft tissue = 11, superficial soft tissue = 8), compared with skeletal muscle, they were T1 iso-hypointense and T2 hyperintense. Bone LMS were metaphyseal tumors with cortical destruction (3 out of 4). Deep soft-tissue LMS were large with hemorrhage (7 out of 11) and necrosis (10 out of 11). Superficial soft-tissue LMS were relatively smaller, homogeneously enhancing (6 out of 8) tumors. Distant metastases developed in 32 out of 47 patients (bone LMS [6 out of 6], deep soft-tissue LMS [18 out of 24], superficial soft-tissue LMS [8 out of 17]), commonly to lung (29 out of 47) and bone (14 out of 47). At the time of writing, 22 out of 36 patients (bone LMS [4 out of 6], deep soft-tissue LMS [15 out of 24], superficial soft-tissue LMS [4 out of 17]) have died. There was no statistically significant correlation between metastatic disease and tumor size or grade. Extremity LMS arise in bones and in the deep and superficial soft tissues, frequently metastasize to the lungs, and have a poor prognosis. Superficial LMS tend to have a better prognosis than bone or deep soft-tissue LMS.Skeletal Radiology 02/2014; 43(5). · 1.74 Impact Factor
- Handchirurgie · Mikrochirurgie · Plastische Chirurgie 08/2006; 38(4):246-254. · 0.54 Impact Factor