The diagnostic and prognostic value of ECG-gated SPECT myocardial perfusion imaging.

Department of Medicine, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois 60612-3864, USA.
Journal of Nuclear Medicine (Impact Factor: 5.77). 06/2004; 45(5):912-21.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Since the development of gated SPECT imaging approximately 10 y ago, this technique is now almost universally used as an adjunct for radionuclide perfusion imaging, enabling the assessment of perfusion along with determination of regional and global left ventricular function in the same examination. The gated SPECT determination of the left ventricular ejection fraction and volumes has been extensively validated. Additionally, this method allows for the improved identification of soft-tissue artifacts and enhances the detection of multivessel coronary artery disease. Furthermore, gated SPECT provides powerful information for the risk assessment of patients with known or suspected coronary artery disease and aids in the assessment of myocardial viability. Gated SPECT imaging has clearly become an integral part of radionuclide myocardial perfusion imaging.

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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to propose a new index that quantifies the heterogeneity of myocardial uptake on gated myocardial perfusion SPECT (GMPS) with Tl and investigate its utility in diagnosing multivessel coronary artery disease (CAD). In 51 patients with CAD, adenosine-stress Tl GMPS and coronary angiography (CAG) were performed. On the basis of the American Heart Association's 17-segment model, segmental percentage uptake on stress, and redistribution images of GMPS were measured at end-systole and end-diastole. The coefficient of variance (CV) of 17 segmental percentage uptake for each patient was used as an estimate of the heterogeneity of myocardial uptake. According to the results of CAG, patients were divided into insignificant coronary artery stenosis (insignificant-CAD), single-vessel CAD, and multivessel CAD groups. The differences in CV among the 3 groups were analyzed by 1-way analysis of variance and Tukey-Kramer test. The diagnostic capability for multivessel CAD was analyzed using the receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curve analysis. Stress end-diastolic CV for patients with multivessel CAD [mean (SD), 18.1% (3.5%)] was significantly greater than that for single-vessel CAD [12.8% (2.9%), P < 0.0001] and insignificant-CAD [10.1% (0.9%), P < 0.0001]. Stress end-systolic CV for patients with multivessel CAD [23.4% (5.2%)] was significantly greater than that for insignificant-CAD [16.5% (4.1%), P = 0.002], whereas there was no difference between single-vessel [20.9% (6.1%)] and multivessel CAD. Using an optimal cutoff of stress end-diastolic CV diagnosed multivessel CAD with a sensitivity of 84%, a specificity of 92%, an accuracy of 88%, and an area under the curve of 0.89. The heterogeneity of myocardial percentage uptake on Tl GMPS was correlated with the severity of CAD. Stress end-diastolic CV value is a candidate index for differentiating patients with multivessel CAD from single-vessel CAD and insignificant-CAD.
    Clinical nuclear medicine 01/2013; 38(1):e7-e12. · 3.92 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Over the past decades, stress/rest myocardial perfusion SPECT (MPS) has been utilized as a standard modality for the diagnosis, risk stratification and prognostic assessment of coronary artery disease (CAD). In addition to the perfusion information, MPS can also provide functional information of the left ventricle, including volume, ejection fraction, wall motion and dyssynchrony. This article introduces the incremental value of these non-perfusion parameters as markers and prognosticators of CAD.
    Journal of biomedical research. 11/2013; 27(6):467-477.
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    ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: In patients with a small heart, defined as an end-systolic volume (ESV) of ≤20 mL calculated using the Quantitative Gated SPECT (QGS) program, underestimation of ESV and overestimation of ejection fraction (EF) using gated myocardial perfusion imaging are considered errors caused by inappropriate delineation of the left ventricle (LV). The aim of this study was to develop a new method for delineation of the LV and to evaluate it in studies using a digital phantom, normal subjects and patients. METHODS: The active shape-based method for LV delineation, EXINI heart (ExH), was adjusted to more accurately process small hearts. In small hearts, due to the partial volume effect and the short distance to the opposite ventricular wall, the endocardial and the epicardial surfaces are shifted in the epicardial direction depending on the midventricular volume. The adjusted method was evaluated using digital XCAT phantoms with Monte Carlo simulation (8 virtual patients), a Japanese multicentre normal database (69 patients) and consecutive Japanese patients (116 patients). The LV volumes, EF and diastolic parameters derived from ExH and QGS were compared. RESULTS: The digital phantom studies showed a mean ESV of 87 % ± 9 % of the true volume calculated using ExH and 22 % ± 18 % calculated using QGS. In the normal database, QGS gave higher EFs in women than in men (71.4 ± 6.0 % vs. 67.2 ± 6.0 %, p = 0.0058), but ExH gave comparable EFs (70.7 ± 4.9 % and 71.4 ± 5 % in men and women, respectively, p = ns). QGS gave higher EFs in subjects with a small heart than in those with a normal-sized heart (74.5 ± 5.1 % vs. 66.1 ± 4.9 %), but ExH gave comparable values (70.0 ± 5.9 % vs. 71.6 ± 4.2 %, respectively, p = ns). In consecutive patients, the average EFs with QGS in patients with ESV >20 mL, 11-20 mL and ≤10 mL were 57.9 %, 71.9 % and 83.2 %, but with ExH the differences among these groups were smaller (65.2 %, 67.8 % and 71.5 %, respectively). CONCLUSION: The volume-dependent edge correction algorithm was able to effectively reduce the effects on ESV and EF of a small heart. The uniform normal values might be applicable to both men and women and to both small and normal-sized hearts.
    European Journal of Nuclear Medicine 04/2013; · 4.53 Impact Factor


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