The diagnostic and prognostic value of ECG-gated SPECT myocardial perfusion imaging.

Department of Medicine, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois 60612-3864, USA.
Journal of Nuclear Medicine (Impact Factor: 5.56). 06/2004; 45(5):912-21.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Since the development of gated SPECT imaging approximately 10 y ago, this technique is now almost universally used as an adjunct for radionuclide perfusion imaging, enabling the assessment of perfusion along with determination of regional and global left ventricular function in the same examination. The gated SPECT determination of the left ventricular ejection fraction and volumes has been extensively validated. Additionally, this method allows for the improved identification of soft-tissue artifacts and enhances the detection of multivessel coronary artery disease. Furthermore, gated SPECT provides powerful information for the risk assessment of patients with known or suspected coronary artery disease and aids in the assessment of myocardial viability. Gated SPECT imaging has clearly become an integral part of radionuclide myocardial perfusion imaging.

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    ABSTRACT: Respiratory-related cardiac motion could have considerable effects on myocardial perfusion imaging, leading to misinterpretation of the images. In this study, we examined the influence of respiratory correction on ECG-gated myocardial perfusion SPECT (RC-GSPECT) concerning regional myocardial perfusion and function. Using the NCAT phantom, a typical torso phantom was generated. SimSET, a Monte Carlo simulator, was used to image the photon emerging from the phantom. Twenty-six patients underwent a 2-day stress-rest ECG-gated myocardial perfusion SPECT (GSPECT) imaging. A separate study was also performed by simultaneous respiratory and cardiac triggering with the real-time position management (RPM) for respiratory correction (RC). In simulation study, count density in the inferior and inferoseptal walls increased in the lower bin of the respiratory cycle. On the other hand, there was a higher correlation between RC-GSPECT and echocardiography for left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) (r = 0.95, P < .01 vs r = 0.88, P < .01 for GSPECT). We proposed a new approach for respiratory and cardiac-gated SPECT to eliminate respiratory motion artifacts. RC-GSPECT is a feasible method in MPI studies and may play an important role to improve the quality of MPI images, particularly in the inferior wall.
    Journal of Nuclear Cardiology 12/2014; DOI:10.1007/s12350-014-0031-1 · 2.65 Impact Factor


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