Col11a1 and Col11a2 mRNA expression in the developing mouse cochlea: implications for the correlation of hearing loss phenotype with mutant type XI collagen genotype.
ABSTRACT Mutations in the fibrillar collagen genes COL11A1 and COL11A2 can cause sensorineural hearing loss associated with Stickler syndrome. There is a correlation of hearing loss severity, onset, progression and affected frequencies with the underlying mutated collagen gene. We sought to determine whether differences in spatial or temporal expression of these genes underlie this correlation, and to identify the cochlear cell populations expressing these genes and the structures likely to be affected by mutations.
We used in situ hybridization analysis of C57BL/6J mouse temporal bones.
Similar, diffuse expression of Col11a1 and Col11a2 mRNA was first observed in the cochlear duct at embryonic Day 15.5, with increasingly focal hybridization being noted at postnatal Days 1 and 5 in the greater epithelial ridge and lateral wall of the cochlea. The greater epithelial ridge appeared to be the main, if not only, source of mRNA encoding Col11a1 and Col11a2 in the tectorial membrane. At postnatal Day 13, Col11a1 and Col11a2 expression became more focal and co-localized in the inner sulcus, Claudius' cells and cells of Boettcher.
We did not observe spatial or temporal differences in mRNA expression that could account for the auditory phenotype genotype correlation. The expression patterns suggest essential roles for Col11a1 and Col11a2 in the basilar or tectorial membranes.
- SourceAvailable from: Barbara A Bohne[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: An in vivo tracer was used to determine if the reticular lamina and/or the cell membranes abutting the endolymphatic space are temporarily disrupted after intense noise exposure (4-kHz OBN, 108-dB SPL, 1.75 h). Using a double-barreled micropipette, the endolymphatic potential (EP) was recorded and artificial endolymph containing 10% carbon particles was injected into the endolymphatic space either 0 days or 28 days post-exposure. The cochleae were fixed 30-45 min post-injection, then dehydrated, embedded in plastic and dissected as flat preparations. Damage in the organ of Corti (OC) was quantified, the location of carbon was determined, and some OC segments were then sectioned radially. EP averaged 72+/-5 mV in five controls. These cochleae had carbon tracer in the endolymphatic space only. Four of five noise-exposed chinchillas examined 3-4 h post-exposure had a low EP (30+/-6 mV). The cochleae from these 0-day animals had several focal lesions in which nearly all outer hair cells had just degenerated. At these lesions, carbon was attached to cell membranes and debris between the reticular lamina and basilar membrane. By transmission electron microscopy, discontinuities were found in the apical membranes of sensory and supporting cells. Carbon particles were found in the cytoplasm of these cells. Four of five animals examined at 28 days had an average EP of 70+/-11 mV. The cochleae from these animals had multiple lesions in the basal turn, all of which were healed by phalangeal scars or squamous epithelial cells. In these cochleae, no carbon was found within the OC. Acute disruption of the reticular lamina and the apical membranes of sensory and supporting cells from noise appears to be a major mechanism to account for degeneration in the cochlea that spreads or continues for days to weeks post-exposure.Hearing Research 02/2003; 175(1-2):82-100. · 2.54 Impact Factor
- Journal of Medical Genetics 02/2003; 40(1):e3. · 5.70 Impact Factor
- Cell 02/1995; 80(1):7-10. · 31.96 Impact Factor