Col11a1 and Col11a2 mRNA expression in the developing mouse cochlea: implications for the correlation of hearing loss phenotype with mutant type XI collagen genotype.
ABSTRACT Mutations in the fibrillar collagen genes COL11A1 and COL11A2 can cause sensorineural hearing loss associated with Stickler syndrome. There is a correlation of hearing loss severity, onset, progression and affected frequencies with the underlying mutated collagen gene. We sought to determine whether differences in spatial or temporal expression of these genes underlie this correlation, and to identify the cochlear cell populations expressing these genes and the structures likely to be affected by mutations.
We used in situ hybridization analysis of C57BL/6J mouse temporal bones.
Similar, diffuse expression of Col11a1 and Col11a2 mRNA was first observed in the cochlear duct at embryonic Day 15.5, with increasingly focal hybridization being noted at postnatal Days 1 and 5 in the greater epithelial ridge and lateral wall of the cochlea. The greater epithelial ridge appeared to be the main, if not only, source of mRNA encoding Col11a1 and Col11a2 in the tectorial membrane. At postnatal Day 13, Col11a1 and Col11a2 expression became more focal and co-localized in the inner sulcus, Claudius' cells and cells of Boettcher.
We did not observe spatial or temporal differences in mRNA expression that could account for the auditory phenotype genotype correlation. The expression patterns suggest essential roles for Col11a1 and Col11a2 in the basilar or tectorial membranes.
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ABSTRACT: The entity described by Gunnar Stickler, which included hereditary arthro-ophthalmopathy associated with retinal detachment, has recently been recognised to consist of a number of subgroups, which might now more correctly be referred to as the Stickler syndromes. They are the most common clinical manifestation of the type II/XI collagenopathies and are the most common cause of inherited rhegmatogenous retinal detachment. This review article is intended to provide the ophthalmologist with an update on current research, subgroups, and their diagnosis together with a brief overview of allied conditions to be considered in the clinical differential diagnosis. We highlight the recently identified subgroups with a high risk of retinal detachment but with minimal or absent systemic involvement--a particularly important group for the ophthalmologist to identify.Eye (London, England) 09/2011; 25(11):1389-400. · 1.97 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Stickler syndrome is a connective tissue disorder characterized by ocular, skeletal, orofacial and auditory defects. It is caused by mutations in different collagen genes, namely COL2A1, COL11A1 and COL11A2 (autosomal dominant inheritance), and COL9A1 and COL9A2 (autosomal recessive inheritance). The auditory phenotype in Stickler syndrome is inconsistently reported. Therefore we performed a systematic review of the literature to give an up-to-date overview of hearing loss in Stickler syndrome, and correlated it with the genotype. METHODS: English-language literature was reviewed through searches of PubMed and Web of Science, in order to find relevant articles describing auditory features in Stickler patients, along with genotype. Prevalences of hearing loss are calculated and correlated with the different affected genes and type of mutation. RESULTS: 313 patients (102 families) individually described in 46 articles were included. Hearing loss was found in 62.9%, mostly mild to moderate when reported. Hearing impairment was predominantly sensorineural (67.8%). Conductive (14.1%) and mixed (18.1%) hearing loss was primarily found in young patients or patients with a palatal defect. Overall, mutations in COL11A1 (82.5%) and COL11A2 (94.1%) seem to be more frequently associated with hearing impairment than mutations in COL2A1 (52.2%). CONCLUSIONS: Hearing impairment in patients with Stickler syndrome is common. Sensorineural hearing loss predominates, but also conductive hearing loss, especially in children and patients with a palatal defect, may occur. The distinct disease-causing collagen genes are associated with a different prevalence of hearing impairment, but still large phenotypic variation exists. Regular auditory follow-up is strongly advised, particularly because many Stickler patients are visually impaired.Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases 10/2012; 7(1):84. · 4.32 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Sox9 encodes an HMG-domain transcription factor that is critically required in numerous developmental processes such as chondrogenesis and otic placode formation. Here, we show that Sox9 is expressed in the mesenchyme surrounding the developing cochlea in the mouse suggesting that Sox9 may also control development of the otic fibrocyte compartment and the surrounding otic capsule. Tissue-specific inactivation of Sox9 in the periotic mesenchyme using a Tbx18(Cre) mouse line results in arrest of early chondrogenesis and consequently, in a lack of cochlear otic capsule formation. Furthermore, loss of Sox9 severely compromises expansion, differentiation and remodeling of the otic fibrocyte compartment. Early cell proliferation defects in the entire periotic mesenchyme of Sox9-deficient inner ears suggest a cell-autonomous function of Sox9 for the development of the inner mesenchymal compartment. Abnormal cochlear duct morphogenesis in Sox9 mutants including disruption of the coiling process is tightly associated with the onset of mesenchymal defects whereas the absence of major differentiation defects in the otic epithelium suggests that Sox9-dependent mesenchymal signals primarily control epithelial morphogenesis.Developmental Biology 03/2010; 342(1):51-62. · 3.87 Impact Factor